mccutchen_h_theory analysis.docx

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Running head: THEORY ANALYSIS 1 Hillary McCutchen Theory Analysis of Nightingale’s Model of Nursing Liberty University
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THEORY ANALYSIS 2 Theory analysis is useful when defining the uniqueness of nursing, and to distinguish nursing from medicine (McEwen & Willis, 2014). According to McEwen & Willis, (2014), there are several grand theories and models of nursing that focus on meeting the patients’ needs regarding nursing care; known as needs based theories. The grand needs based theory to be analyzed in this paper is Nightingale’s Model of Nursing, or according to Rahim, (2013), Nightingale’s Environmental Theory. The approach used to analyze this theory is Chinn and Kramer’s Theory Description and Critical Reflection. McEwen & Wills, (2014), state that Chinn & Kramer’s Theory is composed of the following concepts used for description; purpose, concepts, definitions, relationships, structure, and assumptions. A critical reflection of Nightingale’s Model will also be conducted to determine how well the theory serves its purpose, and to analyze the theory for clarity, consistency, complexity, generality, accessibility, and importance. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to analyze Nightingale’s Model using Chinn and Kramer’s Theory Description and Critical Reflection, to determine if the theory is appropriate and applicable for focusing on the needs of patients, and for general nursing practice. Theory Description Purpose The purpose of Nightingale’s Model of Nursing, according to Rahim, (2013), is to determine how the metaparadigm of nursing; person, health, nursing, and the environment are connected, and how the environment impacts the patient’s health. Nightingale’s Model also serves the purpose of being a basis for model development based on seven philosophical assumptions. Additionally, McEwen & Wills, (2014) state that Nightingale’s Model also includes an educational model that serves the purpose of determining the importance of nurses
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THEORY ANALYSIS 3 anticipating and meeting the needs of their patients, and the works or tasks the nurse should perform to meet those needs. Concepts The concepts identified in Nightingale’s Model, according to McEwen & Wills, (2014), are known as a metaparadigm; human, environment, health, and nursing. Other essential components, according to Rahim, (2013), include thirteen environmental sub concepts; ventilation and warming, light and noise, cleanliness of the area, health of houses, bed and bedding, personal cleanliness, variety, offering hope and advice, food, and observation. McEwen & Wills, (2014), also state that an additional concept of Nightingale’s Model is the educational component, that nurses should be well and educated, and should be able to anticipate the needs of their patients. Definitions The definitions that are related to Nightingale’s Model include the concepts of the metaparadigm, which McEwen & Wills, (2014), is a global perspective of the discipline of nursing, and involves the; environment, human, health, and nursing. Rahim, (2013), also states that the definitions of disease and natural laws are also pertinent to Nightingale’s Model.
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