Ch.2 Word Building - Sep 3 2017 - 4-07 PM.pdf

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Unformatted text preview: 9/2/2017 transmitted without publisher’s prior permission. Violators will be prosecuted. 5 59d! Resist»: abdominfo caudlo cephalic cervido crani/o gash-lo iii/o inguin/o lumblo peiv/i" pelvic spin/o Combining Form-“oi,“g": : . ncdc; cervix uteri (neck of uterus) cranium (310.111) stomach ilium (lateral. flar- ing portion of the hip bone) groin loins (lower back) pelvis spine " « medial Word 7,12; abdominfai (ib-DOMq-nn) -nl~pcmining no and/ad (KAW—did) «ut- toward cephal/ad (SEF—i-lid) «it coward conic/3| (SER—vI-ldl) -ul: perrmn‘ ing to crani/ai (KRA—ne-il) 121‘ pertaining to gastrlic (GAS-mic) -ic: pemnmg' ' to iii/ac (IL-Mk) ~ac' permmng‘ ' to inguin/al (ING-gwhxil) -al: penmnmg' ‘ to Iurnb/ar (HIM-bit) ~ar: pertaining to pelv/i/meter (pal—Wow) 4713M: instrument for measuring peivfsc (PEL—vic) 4:: pertaining to spin/a! (SH-nil) ml: pertaining to 'The i in pom/meter :5 m excepton to the rule 0’ 45mg me connectng vowel o. httpszllereademhegg.com/#Ibookle780803642119/cfi163l/4/[email protected]:0.00 Medical Terminlogy Express: A Short Course by Body System. 2nd edition PRINTED BY: dfda9305b52al [email protected] Printing is for personal, private use only. No part of this book may be reproduced or Medical Ward Budding 35 permimhg to the abdomen *1:me +o»'|\-‘ \na. wsww ear-Leiden hwm “HAL W mm?“ Mhfi 4Q m\o\w§ or LuvM‘OG-C’V" him—J +0 me‘o‘di‘l‘k’i er Wit/K. (Condom-a0 1/6 9/2/2017 Medical Tenninlogy Express: A Short Course by Body System, 2nd edition PRINTED BY: dfda9305b52al [email protected] Printing is for personal, private use only. No part of this book may be reproduoed or transmitted without publisher's prior permission. Violators will be prosecuted. 36 CHAPTER 2 I mm" Combining Fermi... 1' .. LBody Region; . ‘ thoracic umbllldo , Directional Terms enter/o dist/o tiers/o infer/o later/o medl/o poster/o ‘ proximlo super/o” ventrlo '1 g: Medical Word»: 1 : chest umbiliun, navel anterior. from far, farthest back (of the body) lower, below side, no one side middle bank (of the body), behind, posterior near, nearest upper, above belly, belly side "The CF super/o can also be used as prefix https:llereader.chegg.coml#[email protected]:0.00 thoracflc (tho-RAS-Ik) —ic: pertaining to umbilig/al (um-BIL—I-kil) «all pertaining to anteriior (ianER-e-m') Jar: pertaining to dist/al (DIS—til) 1!: pertaining to dors/al (DOE-ail) ml: pertaining to infer/nor (ImFE—re—or) niar: pertaining to later/a! (LATe-al) ~41: pertaining to medilal (ME-dent) 1,: pertaining to poster/inr- (pfis-TER-é-or) -wr: permunn' ' g to proxIm/al (PROK-sIm-il) -al: pertaining to superlior (soo—PE—ré-or) 4'02: permitting to vent-rial WEN-trill -a/.- pertaining to W mm MW Win-Tin WKflM—hw W 9‘b&\—Ufio’¢ swu- MAMTQ‘K- at» m+wml WoéLMM—M: or-Plrv- mm; «:4 eWLX. WKNM +0 N43“ DOOM/(«W Nj‘npr‘, hM—Hv—MA WNW A—«bw Mg Suit. nu." “(iron/t- 2/6 9/2/2017 PRINTED BY: [email protected] Printing is for personal, private use only. No part of this book may be reproduced or Medical Terminlogy Express: A Short Course by Body System. 2nd edition transmitted without publisher's prior permission. Violators will be prosecuted. Combining Form :55' W Meaningg'pg'v " n : OtherIComhining Formgfislatedto Body cydo cell histlo tissue nucleic nucleus radilo tadiation,x-ray; radius (lower arm bone on the thumb side) Suffixes and Prefixes Medical Ward Bialding 37 gar-redial Word-:If;_ eager: Meaning 7;: ‘er ; . ‘ 2 Structure , 77 A _ .. .g. eyt/olmeter 1W" 9° ‘- (si-TOM-Evtlr) cam-MM MVJ‘ -m: instrument for , 1 an1 WW» histlol 's W m a (his-T L—I-sls) d €SWW on, 45m: don; . . "\ dc?“ . n; or- a t5\‘\*"fi‘w°\ loosening of— AfiSM - nuclelar (ll-AA! 4° ‘5‘ (NU-Hear) Wyn ~47: pertaining to radi/ol hy wemcxz % «3-C— (ra-d -ti-l§) «1“ why: pm of ‘1'“ E “1 recording EG’M , In the fizllowing table, sufixes and prefixes are listed alphabetically, and other word gems are defined as nwded. Review the medical word and study the elements that make up the term. complete the meaning of the medical words in the right-hand column. You may also refer to Appendix A: Glossary of Medical WardElemt: to complete this atemise. v Suffixes -ad toward -a| pertaining to -algla pain Mia https:I/ereader.ohegg.com/#Ibooksl9780803642119Icfi/63ll4/[email protected]:0.00 medi/ad (ME-dead) “mm mm.- middle MW 61" W comn/aIms-ROMD PW“ Md *" W cam: heart W‘ costlal ‘a — Pad“ UAW (lass—T —jé—i) N be mat: ribs thorac/oldynia , ' “ \WW (tho—rak-o—DIN~e-a) 9w * drama/0mm: (N8 ‘ (Canned) 3’6 9/2/2017 PRINTED BY: [email protected] Printing is for pexsoml, private use only. No part of this book may be reproduced or Medical Tenninlogy Express: A Shon Course by Body System. 2nd edition transmitted without publisher's prior permission. Violators will be prosecuted. 38 04mm 2 llodymm Word Element ‘32s «near -plasla Prefixes bi- epi- infra- : Meaninngéa’fiefign-flcdlcal Word's Web-W Meaning WWW fonning,produc- specialist in the study of study of separation; destruction; loosening imcrument used to measure formation, growth poison above, on below, under path/Olga: (PATH-Hen) patb’o: disease mime/genesis (khel-né-JEN—eols) main/v: cancer hist/o/logist (his-TObo-jm) Dist/o: tissue efilolloy (e-te—OL—o-je) eti/a: cause qualms: (st-TOL-i—szs) 979%: cell therm/o/meeer (rm—MOM-e-er) (berm/a: heat hyper/plasia (la-par-PLA-zé—i) were exmsive, above normal hepa‘c/ofcoxic (I-IEP~i-t6~tbk~s!l:) bepat/o: liver billaterlal (bi-LAT-éx-il) later: side, no one side «I: pertaining to epi/gastrfic (ep-i-GAS-mk) gash: stomach —z':: pertaining to infra/costjal (In-fri-KOS-til) rm: ribs «akpemlzfingto https:/Iereader.chegg.com/#lbooksIQ780803642119/[email protected]:0.00 ., an u “ti? {em ' -Qof M\ or orsgxfi o?°~o\3l .. perm“, 9—364;an “3, of o r \Qfi MQ—mm_ SQ-meSN- m SW of— “em” 5M 5% cam uG'W_ dmmm. AfiéoVMV‘ “‘ “a DP Wu“ ofi—mw\ MM 9°C W W. “mStuL grown? Q38”- ?{fi—AJQWVI +1. 9680\on MW. Winn +0 or > ‘ W0 Sums, “fl W\m¥\3+’o W about or GAMM— Pg, (stamina kn Mun nf‘VuxsaLQ-l' 4/6 9/2/2017 PRINTED BY: [email protected]]der.24l90.edu. Printing is for personal, private use only. No part of this book may be reproduced or Medial Terminlogy Express: A Short Course by Body System, 2nd edition transmitted without publisher’s prior permission. Violators will be prosecuted. Word Element on . Prefixes . _ trans- across, through trans! 'n/al W‘ V“ 4’0 -V J—In-ifl) or M32: w origin-vagina V‘fl-‘PM- -a1.- pertaining to Competency Verificntlon: Checkyour answers in Appendix B. Answer Key. page: 363-365. llyou are not atlsfiedwithyourlevelofcomprehension. rcvlewthetermsinthe nbleandreukethereview. m, . Visit the Medical Terminal ms online mource center at DavisPlus DawsPIM I for an audio exercise ofthgeytgynts in this table. Other activities are also ‘ " available to reinforce content. ll Visit the Medical Language Lab at median/Ian {clam to enhance your stu r! and reinforce this chapter’s w elements vn'th the ah-ca activity .We recommend you complete die flash-card activity Medical Language LCD before continuing with the next section. Yuma-In Wv Into Mange Medical Terminology Word Building In this section, combine the word parts you have learned to construct medial terms related to body structures. The first one is an mmple completed for you. Use candle (tail) to bulld words that mean: l.towardthetailcaudad , .. . ... .V _. ...___-___._..-.-*_ Z pertaining to the taii Q?‘V‘.Q“\ . .. _. . . _._ . -_-_ ,..______,--__.~____. Use thoracic (chest) to build words that mean: 3. surgical puncture ofthe chest ,er C‘\ waAWE 33-.-..- --.. ,__-._vew. 4. pertaining to the chest We mot C , fl. . --___,_ . ._-we.--“-mmmmnm 5. surgical repair of the chest .mf.“ 9?.fi>\€‘$_‘"1 __ ._ Use gentle (stomach) to build words that mean: 6. pertaining to the stomach a ($84439 , _ . . . .e --. _. 1..."-.. -,-..-.-..ch-. 7. surgical repairofthe stomach QMMQwfi - .. -. - .. MM... Use ”ll!" (pelvis) to build words that mean: 8. pertaining to the pelvis 931V \ErW -- .. -__.- c- -_ __ _ ..____ 9. instrument to measurethe pelvis- 9&3]. I W- _._-_._ . --- https:llereader.chegg.ooml#[email protected]:0.00 5/6 9/2201? PRINTED BY: dfda9305b5231 [email protected] Printing is for personal, private use only. No part of this book may be reproduced or Medial Terminiogy Express: A Short Course by Body System, 2nd edition transmitted without publisher's prior permission. Violators will be prosecuted. 40 CHAPTER 2 l bdrm Use obdominlo (abdomen) to build words that mean: Use cmnilo (cranium [skull]) to build words that mean: lZpertaining to the cranium (skull) C M-EX. _. -..----9 - _ 99-9-9 . 9999 999 l3. surgicai repair ofthe cranium (skull) -C£TO.~J-\.\- 09W“ 999 - 9-.- -.9-.- _9 Use medllo (middle) to build words that mean: l4.pemining to the middle -.-m¢.-ct:\-ox.\ . _. , .9 -- -. - - - l5.towan:l the middle mused -- - - - _ 9 _ 9 9 Use cytlo (cell) to build words that mean: l6. studyofcells W (935195.933 - 9 9999-9-999 9--.- l7. specialist In the Study of cells 9% -5§\D%\$*- . ,- - 9 .- i8. destruction dissolution. or separation of a cell 9‘3 5’-°.l 3 S 5 9-. 9 .- -99. -_ . Use Male (tissue) to build words that mean: l9. study of tissues .95) Sbejj - 99 9 .9 - - 20. specialist In the study offissues RM SW\-DJ\\5‘ - -. . 9 -. - .- & Competency Verification: Check your answers in Appendix 8. Answer Key. on page 365. Review mam that ' you did not answer correctly. Correct Answers: 10 X5 = £60 96 MEDICAL VOCABULARY The following tables consist of selected terms related to the body as a whole. Recognizing and learning these terms will help you understand the connection between diseases and diagnostic procedures. Word analysis for selected terms is also provided. Diseases and Conditions adhesion Band ofscar tissue binding anatomical surfaces that are normally sepa- id-I-IE-zl'n'in rate from each other (See Figure 2-6.) inflammation Protective response of body tissues to irritation, infection, or allergy m—fli-MAehun @sis Body’s inflammatory response to infection in which there is fever, SEP—sis elevated heart and respiratory rates, and low blood pressure htlps:/Iereader.ohegg.oonV#Ibooks/[email protected]:0.00 6/6 ...
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