Unformatted text preview: 39. ' After entering a dark theatre, cones take about 10 minutes to adjust to the darkness and rods complete the adjustment in about
30 minutes. This process is referred to as a. dark adaptation.
c. visual acuity.
40. The external portion of the ear is called the
a. oval window.
d. tympanic membrane. 41. A motor area that functions to orchestrate muscular activities so that they occur in a synchronized fashion is
a. the amygdala.
b. the cerebellum.
c. the hypothalamus.
d. Wernicke's area. 42. The perspective of involved the study of actions that can be observed and measured.
d. humanism 43. Which of the following statements is NOT true?
a. An individual’s culture, ethnicity, and racial heritage often plays a role in self-identity, which can inﬂuence behavior.
b. According to recent census data, 33% of the U.S. population identiﬁes themselves as an ethnicity or race other than white.
c. Psychologists have always believed that culture, ethnicity, and racial heritage play a signiﬁcant role in human behavior.
d. The multicultural perspective recognizes the potential importance of gender, age, ethnicity, sexual orientation, disability,
socioeconomic status, religious orientation, and other social/cultural dimensions on human psychology. 44. Acetylcholine is the neurotransmitter found between ; interference with this neurotransmitter can result in
a. motor neurons and cranial nerves
b. motor neurons and muscle cells
c. muscle cells and reﬂexes
d. muscle cells and cranial nerves 45. Damage to the motor cortex can produce
a. loss of control over gross motor movements.
b. loss of control over ﬁne motor movements.
c. loss of control over the sensory organs.
d. memory loss. Bonus Questions (2 points each)
4.6. Who is considered the father of Psychology? a. Wilhelm Wundt c. Robert Baron
b. Sigmund Freud d. Ivan Pavlov 47. What happens when the axon of a resting neuron depolarizes to the threshold for an action potential? a. Potassium channels open. c. Chloride channels close. b. Sodium channels open. d. Neurotransmitters are released into the synapse.
48. The Dutch artist was intrigued by ambiguous ﬁgure-ground relationships. a. M.C. Escher c. J. Sluijters b. 1T. Prikker d. H.C. Vroom ...
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- Fall '08