Unformatted text preview: 10. The process of is deﬁned as the way in which we select, organize, and interpret sensory input to achieve a grasp of our surroundings.
a. sensation b. attention c. perception
d. kinesthesia l 1. Structures that secrete hormones directly into the bloodstream are called
a. basal nodes. b. endocrine glands.
c. limbic nodes.
d. secretion glands. 12. The four essential components of the scientiﬁc method are
a. intuition, objectivity, accuracy, and open—mindedness.
b. accuracy, creativity, internal validity, and objectivity.
c. objectivity, training, skepticism, and external validity.
(L accuracy, objectivity, skepticism, and open-mindedness. 13. What action would gate-control theory suggest to be taken for reducing pain in a person who has just scraped their ﬁnger?
a. Rub the back of the hand vigorously.
b. Take two aspirin and call me later.
c. Close your eyes and concentrate on the pain.
d. Let me hypnotize you into feeling no pain. 14. The ability to perceive stability in the face of change deﬁnes
a. perceptual illusions.
b. perceptual constancies.
c. closure orientation. (1. perceptual groupings. 15. Our ability to identify speciﬁc odors is ; our ability to remember odors from the past is
a. poor; good
b. good; poor c. good; good
d. poor; poor 16. The three basic parts of a neuron are
a vesicles, gray matter, and the synapse
b. glial cells, nodes of Ranvier, and synaptic terminals.
c. cell body, axon, and dendrites.
d. myelin sheath, cell body, and dendrites. 17. Which of the following is NOT good advice for effective studying?
a. Minimize distraction.
b. Read an entire chapter straight through.
c. Reward yourself for attaining selected goals.
d. Use active rather than passive studying techniques. 18. One explanation for the Muller~Lyer illusion is the theory of which suggests that when looking at illusions, we
interpret certain cues as suggesting that some parts are farther away than others. a. misapplied constancy b. ' misinterpreted perception
c. misperceived stimuli d. misrepresented sensation 19. The situation in which complex tasks activate more brain modules illustrates that the brain processes information in a fashion.
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- Fall '08