Unformatted text preview: 30. Subliminal perception is perception that takes place
a. when there is no physical stimulus.
b. automatically, without conscious intention
c. in the highest levels of the brain.
51. below the level of conscious awareness. 3 1. Participants should be assigned to conditions so that all participants have a(n) of being exposed to all
a. based on their similarities; reduced chance b. based on their similarities; varied chance c. randomly; equal chance d, randomly; varied chance 32. Which of the following carries information away from the cell body of a nerve cell? a. Dendn'te.
c. Glial cells.
33. Which of the following theories takes into consideration that rewards and costs affect our ability to detect environmental
a. ' Discrimination theory.
1). Threshold analysis.
c. Place theory.
:1. Signal detection theory. 34. Being skeptical, keeping an open mind, and not jumping to conclusions are characteristics of
a. a negative approach to life.
b. dispositional attribution.
c. critical thinking.
d. psychoanalytical thinking. 35. In an experiment, the independent variable is the variable that is
a. predicted by the experimenter.
b. directly controlled by the experimenter.
c. measured to see if it shows any effect.
d. correlated with the experhncntal variables. 36. The biological perspective would emphasize which of the following reactions to a charging bull?
Increased heart rate when avoiding the bull. Movements to avoid the bull.
Thinking about how to avoid the bull.
Dreaming about avoiding the bull. new» 37. Ralph has just purchased a new car. He feels he got a good deal, but he read in one consumer magazine that this car has a
tendency to "tip over." His rejection of the conclusions from this magazine about his new car would be an example of
a. illusory correlation.
b. fundamental attribution error.
e. availability heuristic.
d. conﬁrmation bias. 38. The rods in the retina are photoreceptors used primarily for
a. distinguishing diﬂ’erent colors in daylight.
b. focusing on the image accurately on the retina.
c, night vision under conditions of dim lighting.
d. ﬁne discrimination in the center of the eye. ...
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- Fall '08