PSYC 101 Chapter 1.docx - Chapter 1 Psychology scientific...

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Chapter 1 Psychology- scientific study of behavior and mental processes Percentage of people in the psychology workforce consists of- 24% clinical, 12% industrial, 22% private practice, 4% in schools, 34% academic, and 4% are in other. Mental processes- thoughts, feelings, and motives that people experience privately but that cannot be observed Empirical method- gaining knowledge through the observation of events, collection of data, and logical reasoning Structuralism- identifies elements of mental processes; strongly influenced by the industrial revolution (as machines become significant in culture, so this first major school of thought took a mechanistic view of psychology); primary research method was introspection; Wilhelm Wundt Wilhelm Wundt- German philosopher/physician; established first psychology lab (1879) in University of Leipzig Functionalism- identifies purposes, functions of the mind; influenced by “On the Origin of Species” by Charles Darwin, which proposed that species evolve characteristics that help them adapt in the environment; studied natural flow of thought and consciousness; William James William James- American psychologist and philosopher; wrote “Principles of Psychology”, one of the first major textbooks in the field
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