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SO245_Lesson7.docx - Lesson 7 Technology and Global...

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Lesson 7: Technology and Global Inequality Globally, poverty is most often associated with technologically underdeveloped countries like those we find all across sub-Saharan Africa as well as in regions of the Near and Middle East and parts of Asia, such as Afghanistan, Nepal, Bhutan, and Tibet, and in Western Caribbean locales like Jamaica and Haiti. Poverty is a serious problem for all of us if only because it creates social instability too often accompanied by violence. And virtually every country is afflicted by poverty related to factors such as social class, ethnicity, and race. In both developed and very poor countries, we can often expect to find a wealthy elite. For example, the United States is by far the world’s wealthiest nation. However, millions of Americans live at or below poverty levels because so much of that wealth is concentrated in so very few hands. Concerning the underdeveloped, impoverished nations, there are two basic points of view. Some analysts propose that the quality-of-life gap must necessarily increase to the extent that consumerism informs cultural patterns, especially in developed states. Other analysts maintain that technological transfer applied to issues like pollution, basic health care needs, improved farming practices, and more efficient uses of energy can lead to sustainable, ecologically friendly development even in the poorest countries. Learning Objectives Upon completion of Lesson 7, you should be able to: Describe the rise and extent of Western colonialism and, in particular, the Dutch colonial empire, the British Empire, and the French colonial empire. Discuss the exploitation of Belgium’s colonies in central Africa. Explain the basic principles of Wallerstein’s world system theory. Discuss efforts to deal with growing global wealth. Outline the negative consequences of the neoliberal agenda and describe alternatives to that agenda. What To Do Next Reading Assignments Click on the Reading Assignments link above to access your textbook reading assignments and lecture notes. Assessment After you have completed the reading assignments for this lesson and feel comfortable with the material presented, go to the Exams & Quizzes tool on the left navigation panel and complete Online Exam 7 . This exam covers the material presented in Lesson 6 and Lesson 7. Congratulations! Once you have completed these items, and have received a passing score on the assessment, you are ready to move on to your next lesson!
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Reading Assignments Text Readings There is no textbook for this course. Additional Readings DIRECTIONS: To access ProQuest articles, you MUST first open a Web browser window to the ProQuest Library; otherwise, you will be denied access to the articles when you click the links.
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