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PSYC 101 Chapter 5.docx - Chapter 5 Learning systematic...

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Chapter 5 Learning- systematic, relatively permanent change in behavior that occurs through experience Observational learning- observes and imitates another’s behavior Classical conditioning- reflex behavior is automatic; learning is based on the building of an association through stimuli; Ivan Pavlov Unconditioned stimulus- one that brings about unconditioned response Neutral stimulus- one that we want to condition (associated repeatedly with unconditioned stimulus); after a number of associations, you then present the neutral stimulus by itself, without unconditioned stimulus; brings about targets behavior; has now become a conditioned stimulus that elicits a conditioned response Contiguity- unconditioned stimulus and neutral stimulus are presented closely in time Contingency- neutral stimulus is reliable indicator of unconditioned stimulus Generalization of classical conditioning- the conditioned response is not limited only to
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