SO245_Lesson1.docx - Lesson 1 An Overview of the History of...

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Lesson 1: An Overview of the History of Technology Lesson 1 introduces you to the history of technology. When we think of technology, we tend to think of cell phones, smartphones, space stations, orbiting satellites, personal computers, and the Internet. And indeed, all of these things represent technologies that are significant components of our day-to-day existence. However, technologies also include stone tools, such as hide scrapers and hand axes, as well as digging sticks, baskets, pottery jars, fishhooks . . . in short, any kind of artifact that allows a human group to adapt to its natural or altered environment. You can grasp that idea easily enough, but it may surprise you to learn that language and symbols like the Christian cross are also counted among technologies. Thinking about that, we can begin to understand that technologies are always accompanied by ideas, beliefs, behavioral norms, and values that make up any one of the great variety of cultures that have spanned the 200,000 years of our species’ existence. In short, technologies are integrated into the perceptions and worldview of any given culture at any point in the social and technological evolution of our species. Learning Objectives Upon completion of Lesson 1, you should be able to: Explain why culture and technology are interrelated. Differentiate material and nonmaterial culture. Discuss and explain how technological and social evolution have changed the ways we perceive ourselves, others, and the nature of the cosmos. Describe and discuss technological advances from ancient times up to the advent of the Industrial Revolution. Describe and discuss technological advances in the 20th and 21st centuries. What To Do Next Reading Assignments Click on the Reading Assignments link above to access your textbook reading assignments and lecture notes. Assessment After you have completed the reading assignments for this lesson and feel comfortable with the material presented, go to the Exams & Quizzes tool on the left navigation panel and complete Online Exam 1 . Congratulations! Once you have completed these items, and have received a passing score on the assessment, you are ready to move on to your next lesson! Reading Assignments Text Readings
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There is no textbook for this course. Additional Readings DIRECTIONS: To access ProQuest articles, you MUST first open a Web browser window to the ProQuest Library; otherwise, you will be denied access to the articles when you click the links. Once your browser is open to ProQuest, simply click on the link for the article you need to read. For detailed instructions on how to access ProQuest, click here . For non-ProQuest articles, use the provided Internet link to access the Required Readings material.
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