強盗罪.ppt - 1 2

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強盗罪 2016年度刑法各論 1
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規定の構造 236条 ・・・基本類型 238条 ・・・事後強盗 239条 ・・・昏酔強盗 240条 「強盗が」 ・強盗の結果的加重犯 ・強盗傷人、強盗殺人 241条 ・・・強盗強姦、同致死 243条 ⇒238条、240条、241条の未遂と は? 237条 ⇒238条の予備も処罰? 「強盗として論じる」 (準強盗) 2
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手段としての暴行・脅迫 暴行・脅迫の程度 ・・・被害者の反抗を抑圧するに足りる 程度のもの 社会通念上一般に 被害者の反抗を抑圧するに足る程度 のものであるかどうかと云う 客観的基準 によって決せられ る」 〔251〕 ←暴行脅迫の態様、体格・年齢差、性別、犯行の時間、 共犯者の有無等を勘案して判断 〔253〕 〔25 〕参照 被害者が特に豪胆で反抗を抑圧されなかった場合 ⇒通説は、強盗未遂罪+恐喝罪で処理。 同様の立場を採る下級審判例として、〔252〕 3
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強取 ひったくり ⇒反抗抑圧に向けられた暴行がないため、 通常は窃盗。ただし、〔256〕参照。 4 故意 〕〔
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強取 居直り強盗 窃盗着手→発覚→財物強取目的で暴行・脅迫 → 財物強取 ⇒全体として1項強盗罪 財物確保のための暴行・脅迫 窃盗既遂→発覚→財物確保のための暴行・脅迫 A.判例⇒占有確保までは1項強盗で処理 〔25 〔259〕参照 B.学説⇒窃盗既遂後は238条または2項強盗で処理 5
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〔259〕事件 6 占有確保
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