SSS P1.ppt - 1 PAKISTANS ALTERNATIVE STRATEGY FOR...

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1 PAKISTAN’S ALTERNATIVE STRATEGY FOR AFGHANISTAN
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2 2 INTRODUCTION The most important country in Pakistan's Foreign Policy Wants peace and stability in Afghanistan than Pakistan no country stood to suffer more from instability in Afghanistan more than Pakistan Invasion of Afghanistan have had great impact on the entire spectrum of Pakistan’s National Security In-depth analysis of Pakistan’s Afghanistan Strategy is imperative Viable Alternative Pakistan’s Afghanistan Strategy
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3 3 Sequence of Presentation Appraisal of Pakistan’s Afghan Policy . From 1947 to 79 . The Soviet Invasion and Era of Mujhadeens . Post Soviet Withdrawal Period . Pre-Taliban Afghanistan (1989 – 96) . Taliban’s Era (1996-2001) . Post 9/11 Period
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4 4 Sequence of Presentation Af-Pak Strategy and Implications for Pakistan Analysis Of Pakistan’s Afghanistan Strategy Way Forward-Recommended Strategy
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5 Appraisal of Pakistan’s Afghan Policy From 1947 to 79 Oppose Pakistan’s membership to the United Nations Durand Line a significant factor Afghanistan’s good relations with India
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6 Appraisal of Pakistan’s Afghan Policy Soviet Invasion and Era of Mujhadeens Soviet Union’s invasion of Afghanistan in 1979 Renewed USA’s interest in Pakistan Millions of Afghan refugee, Arms and ammunition proliferated, drugs menace, Social violence the law and order situation deteriorated Warlordism religious militancy, narcotics and smuggling Weakened the very social fiber of Afghan society
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7 Appraisal of Pakistan’s Afghan Policy Post Soviet Withdrawal Period: 1989 – 96 Pakistan’s Afghan policy and strategy appears a bit confused Emergence of number of new factors Partners in the struggle against the Soviet occupation particularly USA left Pakistan alone Mujahideen groups/leadership divided
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8 Appraisal of Pakistan’s Afghan Policy Pre-Taliban Afghanistan Afghanistan was acutely suffering from a leadership crisis/vacuum. This was the worst period in Afghan history The state-society relationship had completely broken down. There was no central rule, no state mechanism and no security
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9 Appraisal of Pakistan’s Afghan Policy Taliban’s Era (1996-2001) Mullah Omar founded “ Tehrik-i-Islami-I-Taliban Afghanistan”- Main objectives . Disarm all the rival militias . Fight against all those who did not accept their request to give up arms . Retain all the areas they captured and enforce Islamic laws in these
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10 Appraisal of Pakistan’s Afghan Policy Taliban’s Era (1996-2001) Stunning achievements within months Human rights violations, ethnic marginalization, drug trafficking, religious militancy and terrorism etc, particularly from the West.
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