EXAM 2 NOTES.docx - FRENCH NEOCLASSICAL THEATRE...

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2/9/16 FRENCH NEOCLASSICAL THEATRE Neoclassical ideas- New classics; comes out of renaissance Take Italian ideas and put it to work 1400-1500 in France, under a ton of religious turmoil; renaissance comes later (art etc.) because they are fighting for their lives and religious believes; Louis XIV: stability to France (now renaissance can come) 1. Have religious tolerance. (he is catholic, permit protestant.) 2. Divine right to rule, but he can do so alone- complete control; He became king at five. He had an interest in arts at a young age; Nickname: “Sun King”; Famous for fashion sense; he was worried that people were plotting against him; o Palace of Versailles: spending all of time and money on other stuff; no time to plot revolution. Fashion statement changes rapidly o Had 3 boys; males and females were dressed the same when they were young o In all art; not everything is true; take many pictures and put into one- not correct ages maybe Early French Theatre o In the early part of the 17 th century, French theatre had little in common with Italian theater Medieval theatre practices-all on stage at same time; book ended by heaven and hell and earth is in middle Religious narratives No proscenium arch theatre No emphasis on scenic effects o Few 100 years behind the rest of Europe Confrerie de la Passion o Religious group that presented religious plays beginning in 2402 o 1548 hotel de Bourgogne built o 1548 religious plays banned in Paris- o First permanent, indoor theatre house in France- everywhere else has medieval plays going on Hotel de Bourgogne (1548) o First permanent indoor theatre building in Europe since ancient Romans o Parterre- pit; cheapest tickets; on floor; closest to the stage o Loges: sides and back; undivided boxes; pay a little more for them o Paradis: third tier; most exclusive and expensive Italian Influence on French Theatre o Comedia dell’arte o Court festivals- (in England they are called masque); not a lot of story-no characters or plot; ton of people on stage with special effects Spectacle Pageantry Lacked characters Lacked plot o Catherine de Medici: bankers in middle ages then becomes pope; she then becomes queen of France; by 16-17 th century family rules Europe; married henry II; next in line is her sons o Cardinal Richelieu- doing most of the actual ruling; creates the “society of 5 authors” writes plays for him; he decides if they are good or not; French Neoclassicism In 1636 the cardinal forms the French academy o 40 writers o Read all plays and decide if they follow the unity of the time place area rules o Still in existence
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o Settled debates over dramatic theory and criticism Peire Cornielle o 1606-1884 o The society of five authors o Comedy and tragedy o Le Cid (1636-1637) Man and women who are in love but fathers have argument and her father has slapped his father which is comedy but this is a different time so that was a serious offence; now he has to
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