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Chapter 1.pptx - MCSA Guide to Installing and Configuring...

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1 MCSA Guide to Installing and Configuring Windows Server 2012/R2, Exam 70-410 Chapter 1 Introducing Windows Server 2012/R2
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2 Objectives Explain the function of a server operating system in a network Describe the editions of Windows Server 2012/R2 Define private cloud terms and technologies Explain the core technologies of Windows Server 2012/R2 Describe Windows Server 2012/R2 roles Summarize the new and enhanced features of Windows Server 2012
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3 The Role of a Server Operating System The functions a server performs depend on: - Type of business using the server - Size of the business - Extent to which the business has committed to using technology to aid operations - A server is used to provide services that aid the operations of an organization
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4 Server: Hardware or Software? A computer becomes a server when software is installed on it that provides a network service to client computers OSs such as Windows 10 and its predecessors are designed to be on desktop computers - These OSs can perform server functions such as file and printer sharing Server operating systems : OSs designed to emphasize network access performance and run background processes rather than desktop applications
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5 Server Operating Systems Versus Desktop Operating Systems Windows Server 2012/R2 network services: - File and Printer sharing - Web server - Routing and Remote Access Services (RRAS) - Domain Name System (DNS) - Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) - File Transfer Protocol (FTP) Server - Active Directory - Distributed File System (DFS) - Hyper-V - Fax Serve r
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6 Server Operating Systems Versus Desktop Operating Systems Windows 10 desktop OS supports only Hyper-V, File and Printer Sharing, Web Server, and FTP Server in limited capacity Windows 10 is restricted to 20 logged-on network users Windows Server 2012/R2 includes fault-tolerance features such as: - Redundant array of independent disks (RAID) 5 volumes - Load balancing - Clustering
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7 Windows Server 2012/R2 Editions Windows Server 2012/R2 editions have been streamlined compared with Windows Server 2008: - Datacenter - Standard - Essentials - Foundation Businesses can choose the best solution for their size and services required
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8 Datacenter and Standard Editions Datacenter Edition - install an unlimited number of virtual instances of the OS - Datacenter with Hyper-V can be installed on a physical server - Install as many virtual machines as you need - Must purchase one Datacenter Edition license for every two physical processors installed on a server Standard Edition - has all the features of Datacenter Edition and the same processor licensing conditions - Permits only two virtual instances
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9 Datacenter and Standard Editions Both Datacenter and Standard editions support: - Up to 4 TB of RAM - Up to 64 physical processors - Server clusters with up to 64 nodes per cluster Both editions have the option to be installed without the standard graphical user interface (GUI) - A mode called Server Core (now the default) Both editions require client access licenses ( CALs ) - Legally mandated for each user who logs on to the server
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