EXAM 1 NOTES.docx - what is Theatre Theatron the seeing...

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1/26/16 what is Theatre? Theatron: the seeing place Three major components for theatre to exist: audience, performer, place to preform (importance of theatre being live) The Performer: The Audience : who can go to the theatre? Can be restricted- culture, race, values of society- affects experience of those around them The Text: (story) basic idea of where the story goes and who the characters are- nonsexist (purpose design) The Playing Space Arena : play is in the middle and the audience is all around. ex: circus, basketball Thrust: audience is on 3 sides Proscenium : traditional theatre space; audience is in front w/ wing space on side for extra stuff such as decorations or costume change (stage, apron, audience) The Visual Elements Scenic Design: suspension of disbelief; Costume Design: Several functions: communicate info about characters, (ex: age, gender, social status) , support mood and theme about play; Can show an internal change- dress changes from beginning to end of the movie Lighting Design: Time of day, location, mood, theme; Up-light: light people from the bottom up; unnatural look; creepy; Origins of Theatre 5000 BC; Asia, India CE, ???Nomadic, not large institutions, no organized religion, ceremony and ritual, no formal theatre Theatre in the beginning is coming together from lots of different places at once Myth and Ritual o Ceremony: formal religious or social occasion, usually led by a designated authority figure- wedding o Ritual: the acting out of an established, prescribe procedure- ring dunk Non-theatrical Elements o Efficacious: looking for a result (often supernatural);n o Methexis: group sharing; everybody gets involved; Popular Entertainment- fills in the gap when formal theatre isn’t happening; after Greeks before Romans (dark ages where no formal theatre was happening) Singing: Dancing: Pantomime: Magic: 1/28/16 Story telling: ancestors, role playing, mimesis
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Examples of performance in everyday society: sports Remember the 3 factors: live audience, live performers, and stage Why study theater history: learn about society; what issues are important to people, economic status of people (who can purchase tickets/cant etc.; culture; what’s pleasing vs boring/bad; Theatre of past, learn about society and culture of past Id theatre is the reflection of society, then theatre history can also give us insights into societies of the past. Intro to Theatre History Dithyramb o Snug around altar of Dionysus o 50 men (occasionally boys) Ex: choir concert(solo, then sing together, everyone is familiar with the songs or the lyrics can be provided) o Unison Hymn o Started to change, dialog came out between songs- one person step out and interact between the 2- theatre started- **interaction with the chorus** Greek Drama o Chorus Chorus becomes less important- actors become more important. Chorus lines= less actors=more First actor: Arian; first Greek-thespus o Masks- no female actors- men wear masks to act like females; or same actors could play multiple
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