EXAM 3 NOTES.docx - Romanticism and Melodrama 1800-1875...

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2/25/16 Romanticism and Melodrama 1800-1875 Primary forms of theatre What’s happening during this time period: o Age of independence o Industrial Revolution o Rise of the middle class o Towns and cities growing in population o Idea of freedom and liberty prominent o Nationalism- over the last 100 years people organize around govt. and take national pride o Charles Darwin, On the origin of species (1859) Popularity of Theatre o Popularity of theatre 1800-1875 has not been equaled in modern time o Old price riots- London; adds more boxes; takes put cheap seats and put in more expensive seats; people get mad because they might not be able to see all the shows; THEN to suppress the anger they out in more galleries(middle price seats) Social class struggle o Hernani riots- Paris; complete disregard neoclassical rules for the play- 55 nights riots o Astor place riots- America; rivalry; American vs English; 15000 people in riot; (22 people were killed); o Introduction to a long run- hamlet plays 100 nights in a row- hamlet played by Edwin booth Anna Cora Mowat o Fashion (1845) o Among the first American social comedies o Criticized the American tendency to prefer anything European o Stock characters, including “Stage Yankee”- Uncle Sam; county bumpkin- hard working/strong but not educated; Yankee somehow outwits the city slicker o Mowat debuted as an actress in 1845; one of the first to earn respect for talent and not sexually Three major categories of drama Romanticism- stress movement Melodrama- overly dramatic; Well Made play- structure that’s being criticized; more known with critics Romanticism 1800-1875 o Germany: Philosophical and Literally movement o Genius creates its own rules o Hard core rebellion REVIEW: Neoclassism rules no violence(put all violence onstage); no chorus, couldn’t mix(mix tragedy and comedy); time; de corium; “true to life/plausible(now full of super natural events); socially right(now not); All the rules have been thrown out with romanticism Romanticism o Basic principles There is a higher truth, creation from an absolute being IF everything is created from the same absolute being, then everything has a common origin therefor, the study if any one part can reveal truths about the whole o Oscar of Brocket- takes about history of theatre Romantic Drama o Individual/ independence o Rejected neoclassicism
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o Rejected narrow didacticism o No subject mater is off limits o Anything; there was support for having anything on stage o Emotion and not logic o Shakespeare o Mood and atmosphere o Hero=social outcast Melodrama o The most popular 19 th century/ Early 19 th Century o “Song Drama” or a “music drama” o French Movement- starts in France; o Stock characters- always know here-dressed in white; villain-dressed in black o Suspenseful plot o Music to build tension or emotion o Climatic moment at the end of each act Leaving the audience wanting more o Highly moral (good vs evil) o Hero always triumphs o Traditional values and stereotypes o
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