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Gen psych study guide ch. 12.docx - PSY 102 Quiz 7 Study...

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PSY 102: Quiz 7 Study Guide Definitions: Define social psychology: the scientific study of how people’s thoughts, feelings, and actions are affected by others. Define impression formation: how we organize information about another person to form an overall impression of that person. Define stereotypes, prejudice, and discrimination: prejudice: a negative (or positive) evaluation of a particular group and its members (attitudes). Discrimination: behavior directed toward individuals on the basis of their membership in a particular group (ex. Religious, political, ethnic, physical appearance, gender, social class, etc.) stereotypes: a set of generalized beliefs and expectations about a specific group and its members. Define compliance, conformity, and obedience: compliance: behavior that occurs in response to direct social pressure. Conformity: a change in behavior or attitudes brought about by a desire to follow the beliefs or standards of other people. Obedience: a change in behavior in response to the commands of others (people in power/authority figures) Define situational and dispositional causes: dispositional causes: prompted by the person’s disposition. (his/her internal traits or personality characteristics). Situational causes: those brought about by something in the environment. (external cause) Define attitude: evaluations of a particular person, behavior, belief, or concept. Define diffusion of responsibility : the tendency for people to feel that responsibility for acting is shared, or diffused (spread), among those present.
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