Hist 120 Reflective Essay 2.docx

Hist 120 Reflective Essay 2.docx - ReflectiveEssay2...

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Reflective Essay 2 Throughout the years, the crusading ideal has always been the acquiring of the holy land  back from the Muslims. The crusades were treated as holy expeditions, and to have faith in God  that He will lead the Crusaders to victory. The most important moments in the decline of the  Crusading ideal in Western Europe probably started from the emergence of heretics from after  the Fourth Crusade, which led to the Albigensian Crusade and the change in concept of the  crusading ideal.  Heresy is defined as a different belief from the norm established by a religious  community. It developed from differences of opinion on the meaning of revelations. It has  always been a source of problem for every religion - Islam, Judaism and Christianity. Around 50  AD, St Paul decried heresy and spoke of it as though it was already a common problem (Camino  8.1, p.1). The heretics in the late 11 th  and 12 th  centuries were brought upon by the Gregorian  Reformation, as a result of the economic rise that started with feudalism. The Gregorian  Reformation brought upon general resurgence in learning and energy in Europe (Camino 8.1,  p.1). This meant that people were getting educated and had formed their own opinions about the  meaning of revelations, and the message of Christianity. Therefore, there were more heretics in  the late 11 th  and 12 th  century as compared to 500 to 1000 AD where they rarely encountered  heresy (Camino 8.1, p.1).  Up to the late 1100s, heretics were dealt by church authorities in the traditional way, by  excommunicating and banishing heretics and meeting in synods and councils when a false belief  became widespread. These spiritual authorities take the protecting of the spiritual safety of their  members very seriously. However, there were problems within that punishment. The world was 
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getting more connected, with the new world of trade and travel allowing heretics to be able to  move at ease from one region to another. This rendered the punishment obsolete, as heretics  were able to roam freely without any particular trouble (Week 8 outlines, p.3). Ultimately, there  were uniform punishment established. By 1200, a first conviction for heresy would lead to the  confiscation of all property with the condition that they repent and went on a pilgrimage to seek  God’s forgiveness and remission of their sin. A second conviction would mean execution. The  offenders would be handed over to the secular power, and they would be burned at the stake. 
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