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PICT103 Module 10.pptx

PICT103 Module 10.pptx - PICT103 Introduction to...

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Dr James Martin Week 10 – Illicit Drugs & Crime PICT103: Introduction to Criminology https://www.youtube.com /watch?v=3FtNm9CgA6U
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Lecture outline Illicit drugs – getting perspective What are they? Who uses them? Why? Drugs-crime nexus Psychopharmacological Economic-compulsive Systemic Drugs and harm Harms to users Harms to others Regulatory responses Prohibition Decriminalisation Legalisation/regulation
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Part I Getting perspective
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What are we talking about? A drug (legal or otherwise) is: “any chemical agent that alters the biochemical or physiological processes of tissues or organisms (UNODC 2014) ”. Illegal drugs : a drug with no legal usage that is prohibited under all circumstances Licit/illicit drugs : may refer to either legal or illegal drugs depending upon usage. A legal drug that is used illegally (e.g. without prescription) represents illicit drug use.
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Why do people use illicit drugs? Addiction Pain management Deal with anxiety or other mental health issues Escape personal circumstances Peer pressure Body building Rebel/annoy parents Assist work/study Imitation of role models Experimentation Social bonding
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Statistical snapshot Difficult to determine and research due to illegality and stigma Approximately 15% of the Australian population in past 12 months Between 25-30% of young people aged 20-29 – normalisation Spread remarkably evenly across social class, education , and employment , although different drugs were used according to affordability Higher use in country areas as opposed to big cities (AIHW 2011)
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Most popular illicit drugs 1. Cannabis 2. Painkillers 3. Ecstasy 4. Cocaine 5. Meth/amphetamine 6. Tranquilisers/sleeping pills 7. Hallucinogens 8. Heroin (AIHW 2013)
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Categories of drug use Problematic: stereotypical drug use; regularly portrayed in media; characterised by excessive, harmful consumption, addiction, and criminal behaviour Non-problematic: functional drug use; recreational and non- dependant; not associated with increased criminality or negative life impact
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“Most drug users are not otherwise criminally active, and the vast majority of drug-using incidents
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