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PICT103 Module 2.pptx

PICT103 Module 2.pptx - PICT103 Introduction to Criminology...

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Dr James Martin Lecture 2: Measuring Crime PICT103: Introduction to Criminology
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New law = new crime ‘Carly’s Law’ agreed upon by government, opposition and crossbenchers New offence for adults who lie about their ages when communicating with children online Followed public outcry after the murder of 15 year-old Carly Ryan by a 50 year-old man Public campaign, with petition with more than 93,000 signatures
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Lecture outline I. How do we measure crime? Sources and types of official statistics Interpreting the numbers II. What influences crime stats (apart from crime)? Criminal justice system Social factors The dark figure of crime III. Misusing crime statistics Law enforcement – cooking the books Silk road Media & politicians
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Part I How do we measure crime?
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Where do official crime stats come from? Statistical information is recorded at all stages of the criminal justice system – 3 C’s: Cops Courts Corrections Also supporting agencies – e.g. Department of Human Services, Department of Health, Tax Office, local councils Australian Bureau of Statistics – Crime Victim Surveys
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Different types of official stats Emergency calls/police dispatches Type of offence Arrest rates Police use of firearms, tasers, etc. Location and time of offence Conviction/clearance rates Offender information Victim information Imprisonment rates Sentencing data
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Why do we measure crime? People measure crime in order to answer a variety of questions, including: How good or bad are current levels of crime?
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