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PICT103 Module 13.pptx

PICT103 Module 13.pptx - PICT103 Introduction to...

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Dr James Martin Week 13 – Environmental Crime PICT103: Introduction to Criminology
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And God said to them, “Be fruitful and multiply and fill the earth and subdue it, and have dominion over the fish of the sea and over the birds of the heavens and over every living thing that moves on the earth.” Genesis 1:28
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Lecture outline Definitions and approaches Legal & harm based definitions Offenders Challenges Criminology & climate change Harms & threats Merchants of doubt Criminogenic effects Responding to environmental crimes Green criminology National & transnational approaches Grassroots campaigns
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Part I Definitions and approaches
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Examples of environmental crimes? Poaching Animal cruelty Littering Air pollution Illegal dumping Industrial safety violations Nuclear contamination Illegal fishing & whaling Arson Water theft Killing protected species
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Legal definitions An environmental crime is “a deliberate or careless act that harms the environment and breaks current laws” (AIC 2014). E.g. Illegal fishing, toxic dumping, littering, killing protected species Legal definitions are extraordinarily narrow – fail to capture many of the most serious types of environmentally damaging activity
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Harm based definitions Focus on legal or illegal destructive acts that damage the environment and harm human health and property Examples include climate change, air pollution, toxic contamination of water sources and food supply chains Most harmful crimes in the world – e.g. 7 million premature deaths per year due to air pollution alone (WHO 2014)
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Human & non-human rights Environmental rights as human rights (e.g. right to clean water, air, etc.) Animal rights – recognition of non- human animals as sentient beings that should be protected from cruelty and unnecessary suffering Ecological justice – recognition of environment and non-human species
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