PICT103 Module 8 (1).pptx

PICT103 Module 8 (1).pptx - PICT103 Introduction to...

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Dr James Martin Week 8 – Gender & Crime PICT103: Introduction to Criminology
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Lecture outline Discipline background Early positivist approaches Lebroso ‘Invisible’ women Feminist criminology What is it? Schools of thought Major contributions Living under patriarchy ‘Doing gender’ Pathways to offending
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Statistical snapshot Crime statistics consistently report lower levels of offending amongst women compared to men by a factor of 3:1 Women are typically involved in less serious crimes, men predominate in violent offences such as homicide Female offending exceeds that of males in: Shoplifting Prostitution – sex-related offences Childcare offences Welfare fraud ‘Promiscuity’ – higher rates of care and control orders for women under the age of 18 (White & Perrone 2015:173-174)
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Major question – how do we explain the gender gap/sex ratio in offending?
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Part I What did early criminology say about women?
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Women & early positivists Early biological positivists believed that some women, like men, were born criminals Explanations as to why women offended less than men centred around their supposedly ‘primitive’ nature Prostitution the ‘natural’ offence Sound archaic but these ideas had a profound and lasting effect on ideas about female offenders and women more generally
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Women have many traits in common with children; that they are vengeful, jealous, and inclined to refined cruelty when they take revenge… Women are kept in line by factors such as maternity, piety, and weakness; when a woman commits a crime despite these restraints, this is a sign that her power of evil is immense.
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