Auxiliar_7.pdf - Universidad de Chile Departamento de...

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Universidad de Chile Departamento de Ingenier´ ıa Industrial IN4203 - Macroeconom´ ıa Auxiliar 7 - Modelo Mortensen-Pissarides — Introducci´ on al mercado de capitales Profesor: Benjam´ ın Villena Auxiliares: Pedro Castillo Francisco Su´ arez Modelo Mortensen-Pissarides P1. Plantee una ecuaci´ on din´ amica para el empleo. P2. Si la probabilidad de encontrar trabajo se mantiene estable en 18% mensual y la probabilidad de encontrar trabajo es de 2% mensual, determine la tasa de desempleo a la cual converge la econom´ ıa. P3. Suponga que las dificultades de encontrar empleo y llenar vacantes se pueden representar por una funci´ on de matching del tipo Cobb-Douglas de la forma M ( U, V ) = U φ V 1 - φ con 0 < φ < 1. Donde U es el n´umero de desempleados, V el n´umero de vacantes. Determine la probabilidad de encontrar empleo y de llenar una vacante como funci´ on de θ = V/U , la compresi´ on del mercado. P4. ¿C´ omo cambiar´ ıan estas probabilidades con un aumento en el n´umero de desempleados por la llegada de inmigrantes?
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