Chapter 6.docx - Chapter 6 Measuring traits has 2 important...

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Chapter 6 Measuring traits has 2 important purposes: 1. Predict behavior 2. Understand behavior Research that seeks to connect traits with behavior uses four basic methods: Single-trait, many-trait, essential-trait, and typological approaches Single-trait approach Examines the link between personality and behavior by asking What do people like that like to do? o That = important personality trait Ex: self-monitoring and narcissism Self-monitoring Addresses fundamental issues concerning the relationship between one’s private inner reality and the external self-presented to others High self-monitors (act differently across situations) o Look for cues as to the appropriate way to act, then adjust their behavior accordingly o Less judgable o More likely to be described by close acquaintances as: Skilled in social techniques of imaginative play, pretending and humor (e.g. charades) Talkative Self-dramatizing, histrionic (exaggerates emotion) Initiates humor Verbally fluent Expressive face and gestures Having social poise and presence o Low self-monitors (act similarly across situations) o Tend to be more consistent regardless of the situation because their behavior is guided more by their inner personality o More judgable o More likely to be described as: Distrustful Perfectionist Touchy and irritable Anxious Introspective Independent Feeling cheated and victimized by life Synder 1974: If you compare different groups, they should score differently based on the criterion of the group o Ex: professional stage actors scored high on his scale and mental patients scored low Synder 1974: asked participants to read a passage and try to project specific emotions it is easier to figure out which emotion is being projected when the reader is a high self-monitor Relationships between self-monitoring scores and numerous behaviors: o High self-monitors: Perform better at job interviews
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