Final Exam Study Guide.docx

Final Exam Study Guide.docx - PPE 3003 Final Exam 13 17...

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PPE 3003 Final Exam Chapters 11, 12, 13, 17, & epilogue Chapter 11 Psychoanalysis After Freud Themes: I. Latter-Day Issues and Theorists Neo-Freudians have altered Freud’s theories, focusing less on sex and more on ego functioning, interpersonal relationships, and the conscious mind rather than the unconscious - Alfred Adler wrote about adult strivings to overcome early childhood feelings of inferiority - Carl Jung concerned the collective unconscious, the persona, the animus and anima, the distinction between introversion and extroversion, and 4 basic types of thinking - Karen Horney developed a theory of feminine psychology and described basic anxiety and neurotic needs - Erik Erikson theorized stages of psychosocial development, which continue through old age (as opposed to Freud’s psychosexua l development, which end after adolescence) - Melanie Klein and D.W. Winnicott ( object relations theorists ) described complex relationships between people and emotional objects, which result in pleasure and pain & love and hate - Jane Loevinger focused on women in psychoanalysis II. Current Psychoanalytic Research Modern psychologists are starting to bring research into the field of psychoanalysis. This research supports some psychoanalytic hypotheses, such as: unconscious mental processes, repression, and transference Attachment Theory describes child-parent relationships and romantic adult relationships - Attachment styles: Anxious-Ambivalent, Avoidant, and Secure
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- When threatened, people go to their attachment figures, and if they are not available, they will go to them in their mind III. Psychoanalysis in Perspective Research supports 5 basic psychoanalytic (Neo-Freudian) principles, but psychoanalysis is best understood in terms of the questions that it asks, not the answers that it offers Lutheranism, a Christian denomination, was a result of Martin Luther’s identity crisis - Erik Erikson wrote about this in psychoanalytic terms Erik Erikson I. Suffered his own identity crisis; was analyzed by Freud’s daughter, Anna Freud II. Was influenced by Freud’s theories: psychosexual stages of development (Oral, Anal, Phallic, Latency, Genital), libido (sexual energy that develops through the erogenous zones: OAPLG) - Believed drives come from more than just sex but rather through socialization and culture throughout the lifespan Psychosocial Stages of Development Trust vs. Mistrust Autonomy vs. Shame & Doubt Initiative vs. Guilt Industry vs. Inferiority Identity vs. Role Confusion Intimacy vs. Isolation Generativity vs. Stagnation Ego Integrity vs. Despair - Moving onto each stage only occurs as result of overcoming the crisis of role confusion from the previous stage - Identity Achievement vs. Identity Confusion (Stage 5) Aspects of Identity Confusion: Identity Diffusion – doesn’t know or care what identity is Identity Foreclosure – premature identity formation (adolescents accept roles without questioning them) Identity Moratorium – postponing identity achievement choices by taking an accepted path (e.g., going to college)
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