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APUSH Ch 23 _ 24 Test_.pdf - APUSH Ch 23-24 Test Study...

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APUSH Ch. 23-24 Test Study Guide World War I and Wilson: -Underwood Tariff Bill (1913) → significantly reduced tariff rates and protected consumers by keeping the price of manufactured goods low -Federal Reserve Act (1913) which created the Federal Reserve System -12 regional banks that were publicly controlled by the new Federal Reserve Board -Clayton Antitrust Act (1914) → finally gave some teeth to the weak and ineffective Sherman Antitrust US entry into WWI (justified?): -Why does Wilson ask for a declaration of war? -Economic concerns→ recession of 1916-1917 -Paper blockade of England→ Blockade neutral ports and all ports -Germans did this in an attempt to seize contraband -Sub warfare (Germany) -Loaned GB by selling a bond to them→ US needed to insure they made back their money -Bryan and Credit Embargo→ US businesses could not lend money to belligerents, soon uplifted, people invest in war -Sinking of the Lusitania→ Americans died, Bryan resigns -Anglophiles and Propaganda→ distorted reality -Germans accused of atrocities against Belgians -Sussex Ultimatum -warned the Germans to stop submarine warfare or the United States would break off all diplomatic relations with Germany -Clearly signaled American willingness to go to War -Creel Committee -Propaganda that made Germany seem uncivilized -Generate enthusiasm for war -Zimmerman Note -Germany promised to help Mexico recover territory that it lost from the Mexican War and US -Colonel House Missions -Talked with belligerents -Tried to set up standards for Germany to meet→ would go to war against Germany if they refused -Standards were most likely hard to meet -Wilson’s Dualistic Foreign Policy -Harsh set of rules for Germany, lenient for GB -Prompted entrance into the war -Impact of technology -Largest number of deaths in any war (military casualties) -Trench warfare/Poison gas -Machine gun and the Battle of the Somme (1916) -One of the bloodiest battles in history -Dissent and WWI -Relationship between national security and civil liberties
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-Espionage Act→ prevent deceptive activities in relation to the draft -Prevent actions that decreased morale -Sedition Act→ any public expression against the war was illegal -Schenck v. US -dealt with constitutionality of Espionage Act -upheld Espionage Act, Schenck was causing a threat to national security (clear and present danger) -Committee of Public Information/Creel Committee -Make sure war effort was sustained -Generate enthusiasm -4 Minute man→ make speeches, propaganda -Financing the War -War bonds -taxes on excess profits of corporations - Perilous Times → exposed advocacy -Post general v. judge head
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