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APUSH Ch 22 Questions_.pdf - APUSH Chapter 22 1 Identify...

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APUSH Chapter 22 1. Identify the “progressive” measures or reforms introduced by TR, Taft and Wilson. Include the concepts of the Square Deal, New Freedom and New Nationalism. Additional items: Pure Food and Drug Act, Meat Inspection Act, the Conservation debate, the Hepburn act, TR’s response to the United Mine Workers strike, National Reclamation Act, the Hetch – Hetchy Controversy, the Clayton anti-trust act, the Federal Trade Commission Act, Federal Reserve Act, the Payne-Aldrich and Underwood-Simmons tariffs, Keating-Owens Act. Identify the content of the 16 th , 17 th , 18 th , and 19 th amendments. A. Square Deal a. Three tenets of Roosevelt i. Control of the corporations ii. Consumer protection iii. Conservation of the United States natural resources B. New Freedom a. Wilson's policy that favored the small business, entrepreneurship, and the free functioning of unregulated and non monopolized markets C. New Nationalism a. Progressive policy of Theodore Roosevelt b. 1912 Progressive party platform c. Favored a more active government role in economic and social affairs d. Favored continued consolidation of trusts and labor unions and the growth of powerful regulatory agencies in Washington e. Favored women's suffrage and social welfare programs (including minimum-wage laws and "socialistic" social insurance) D. Pure Food and Drug Act a. Restricted the sale of dangerous or ineffective medicines E. Meat Inspection Act a. Inspired by Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle and his appalling descriptions of conditions in the meatpacking industry b. Helped eliminate many diseases once transmitted in impure meat F. The Conservation Debate
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a. Roosevelt was the first president to think about conservation b. Restricted private development on millions of acres of undeveloped government land c. Conservatives restricted his authority over public lands in 1907, as a result, Roosevelt seized all the forests and other lands before it became law d. Developed a companionship with John Muir, nation’s lead preservationist G. The Hepburn Act (1906) a. sought to restore some regulatory authority to the government b. Increased the government’s power to oversee railroad rates H.
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