APUSH Ch 30 Questions_.pdf

APUSH Ch 30 Questions_.pdf - APUSH Ch 30 Questions 1...

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APUSH Ch. 30 Questions 1. Explain how Eisenhower handled each of the following crises and how he applied the containment concept to each crisis: Vietnam, the Suez issue, the Hungarian revolt, Quemoy incident, the launching of Sputnik (1957) and the subsequent creation of NASA, the U2 incident (1960) A. Vietnam a. Ever since 1945, France had been attempting to restore its authority over Vietnam, which it had been forced to abandon to the Japanese toward the end of World War II b. Ho Chi Minh was a communist determined to win independence and fought the French c. Only American intervention, it was clear, could prevent the total collapse of the French military effort d. Eisenhower refused to permit direct American military intervention in Vietnam e. Agreement at Geneva sealed Vietnam’s independence and marked the end of the French commitment to Vietnam and the beginning of an expanded American presence there B. Hungarian Revolt a. Eisenhower and the other NATO leaders met with the Soviet premier, Bulganin, at a cordial summit conference in Geneva b. Hungarian dissidents had launched a popular uprising in November to demand democratic reforms c. Soviet tanks and troops entered Budapest to crush the uprising and restore Soviet regime d. Eisenhower administration refused to intervene C. Quemoy Incident a. Quemoy were Chinese islands b. Chinese annoyed US used these as bases to spy on communists, so they bombed the islands. tensions remained high for yrs D. Sputnik (1957) and NASA a. Soviet Union announced that it had launched an earth-orbiting satellite--Sputnik--into outer space b. US government reacted to the announcement with alarm, as if the Soviet achievement was also a massive American failure c. Federal policy began encouraging strenuous efforts to improve scientific education in the school, to create more reasearch labs and to speed the development of America’s own exploration of outer space d. Explorer I was sent into space in January 1958
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e. NASA was created in 1958 through a manned space agency and the appointment of the first astronauts f. NASA’s initial effort, the Mercury Project was designed to launch manned vehicles into space to orbit the earth g. In 1969, Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins successfully traveled in a space capsule into orbit around the moon h. The program became a modest effort to make travel in near space easier and more practical through the development of the space shuttle E. The U2 Incident (1960) a. Khrushchev renewed the demands of his predecessors that the NATO powers abandon West Berlin b. Khrushchev suggested that he and Eisenhower discuss the issue personally, both in visits to each other’s countries and at a summit meeting in Paris c. Only days before the scheduled Paris meeting, the USSR announced that it had shot down an American U2 over Russian territory and its pilot was in captivity d. Khrushchev was angry about Americans flying through Soviet airspace 2. Define the following domestic issues: Brown v. BOE, Southern Manifesto, Montgomery Bus Boycott
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