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APUSH Ch 19_.pdf - APUSH Ch 19 Questions 1 Identify the...

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APUSH Ch 19 Questions 1. Identify the factors that contributed to party loyalty. A. Region a. To white southerners, loyalty to the Democratic Party was a matter of unquestioned faith. It was the vehicle by which they overcame Reconstruction b. To northerners, Republican loyalties were equally intense. To them, the party of Lincoln remained a bulwark against slavery and treason B. Religion/Ethnicity a. Democrats i. Attracted most of the Catholic voters, recent immigrants, and poorer workers b. Republicans i. Appealed to northern Protestants and the middle class ii. Restricted immigration and favor temperance c. Party identification, then, was usually more of a reflection on cultural inclinations rather than economic interests d. People would align with parties because their parents, religion, race, or region aligned with them 2. Define: Stalwarts, Half-Breeds, Pendleton Act 1883, Mugwumps (election of 1884), Interstate Commerce Act of 1887, Sherman anti-trust act (which you should already have in your notes) A. Stalwarts a. Led by Roscoe Conkling of New York b. Faction of the Republican Party c. Favored traditional, professional machine politics d. Assassinated President Garfield B. Half-Breeds a. Led by James G. Blaine of Maine b. Faction of the Republican Party
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c. Favored reform in machine politics C. Pendleton Act 1883 a. The first national civil service measure b. Required that some federal jobs be filled by competitive written examinations rather than by patronage c. Few offices fell under civil service at first, but its reach extended steadily D. Mugwumps (Election of 1884) a. Republican Candidate→ James Blaine of Mine (the Plumed Knight) b. Liberal Republicans known as Mugwumps announced they would bolt the party and support an honest Democrat c. Democrats nominated Grover Cleveland who had acquired a reputation as an enemy of corruption d. The Democrats spread a false rumor about Burchard’s comments and won a small margin because of it E. Interstate Commerce Act of 1887 a. Congress responded to the public pressure from railroad regulation b.
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