APUSH Ch 29_.pdf - APUSH Chapter 29 Questions 1 How...

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APUSH Chapter 29 Questions 1. How successful was the Truman Adm. in its efforts to contain Communism? Address the containment concept/George F. Kennan, Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan, Berlin Blockade, emergence of NATO, NSC-68, Chinese Revolution, Warsaw Pact, CIA, domino theory, point 4 program, White Paper on China A. Containment/George F. Kennan a. Rather than attempting to create a unified, open world, the United States and its allies would work to contain the threat of further Soviet expansion b. Emerged as a response to the events in Europe in 1946 c. Contain the Soviet sphere of Communism while trying to spread democratic ideals across the world d. Kennan warned not long after the war that the only appropriate diplomatic approach to dealing with the Soviet Union was a long term, patient but firm and vigilant containment of Russian expansive tendencies B. Truman Doctrine a. Faced with challenges in Europe, Truman decided to enunciate a firm new policy b. Drew from the ideas of George F. Kennan c. 3/12/47→ Truman appeared before Congress using Kennan’s words in what was known as the Truman Doctrine d. United States should be supporting free people around the world and stop Communism from expanding e. Requested $400 million to help military offensives in Europe and to help economically in Greece f. Established a basis for American foreign policy for the next forty years C. Marshall Plan a. Above all, American policymakers believed that something needed to be done about the shaky pro-American governments in Europe b. Announced a plan to provide economic assistance to all European nations that would join in drafting a program for recovery
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c. Russia and its eastern satellites quickly rejected the plan by sixteen Western nations eagerly participated d. Channeled over 12 billion dollars of aid into Europe→ Plan has worked D. Berlin Blockade a. Truman reached an agreement with France and Britain to merge their three zones of Germany into one. b. Stalin reacted by imposing a tight blockade around the western sectors of Berlin c. Stalin wanted American forces to withdraw from the eastern city of Berlin d. Unwilling to risk war, Truman ordered a massive airlift to supply the city with food, fuel, and other needed goods e. The airlifts continued for more than ten months, keeping a city of 2 million people alive, and transforming West Berlin into a symbol of the West’s resolve to resist communist expansion E. Emergence of NATO and the Warsaw Pact a. 4/4/49→ 12 nations signed an agreement establishing NATO and declared than an armed attack against one member would be considered an attack against all b. NATO countries would maintain a standing military force in Europe to defend against what many policymakers believed was the threat of a Soviet invasion c. The formation of NATO spurred the USSR to create an alliance of all the Communist governments—the Warsaw Pact F. CIA a. The National Security Act of 1947 reshaped the nation’s major military and diplomatic institutions b.
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