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CHAPTER 4: OUTLINE I. MAJOR DEPRESSANTS A. Opiates/Opioids B. Sedative-Hypnotics C. Alcohol (See Chapter 5) II. MINOR DEPRESSANTS A. Skeletal Muscle Relaxants B. Antihistamines C. Over-the-Counter Downers D. Lookalike Downers III. CLASSIFICATION A. Opium, Opiates, & Opioids IV. HISTORY OF USE (see Chapter 1) A. Oral Ingestion B. Smoking C. Refinement of Morphine, Codeine, & Heroin D. IV Use E. Patent Medicines F. Snorting G. Twentieth Century H. Heroin - A World View V. EFFECTS OF OPIOIDS A. Pain B. Pleasure C. From Pleasure to Pain D. Receptor Sites E. Cough Suppression & Diarrhea Control VI. SIDE EFFECTS OF OPIOIDS A. Physical Side Effects B. Tolerance, Tissue Dependence, & Withdrawal 1. Tolerance 2. Tissue Dependence 3. Withdrawal VII. ADDITIONAL PROBLEMS WITH HEROIN & OTHER OPIOIDS A. Neonatal Effects B. Overdose C. Dirty & Shared Needles 1. Hepatitis C & HIV 2. Abscesses & Other Infections D. Dilution & Adulteration E. Cost F. Polydrug Use G. From Experimentation to Addiction 1. The Vietnam Experience VIII. MORPHINE & OTHER OPIOIDS A. Morphine B. Codeine
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  • Fall '08
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