fsu and cetraul uropean.pdf

fsu and cetraul uropean.pdf - Central Europeans People of...

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1/27/2014 1 Central Europeans, People of the Former Soviet Union (FSU) and Scandinavia Unit 6, Chapter 7 Introduction Some of the earliest and largest ethnic groups to the US Contributions include Bread baking Dairy farming Meat processing Beer brewing Central Europeans and the people of the FSU Central Europe Germany Austria Hungary Romania Czech Republic Slovakia Poland Switzerland Liechtenstein FSU Russian Federation Armenia Azerbaijan Belarus Georgia Kazakstan Kyrgyzstan Moldavia Tajikistan Turkmenistan Ukraine Uzbekistan Estonia Latvia Lithuania
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1/27/2014 2 History of Central Europeans and Russians in the US - Immigration Patterns: Germans One of the most significant elements in the US population Largest ethnic group in US but least visible Settled early in PA Amish, Mennonite, other religious minorities 2 nd group settled in the Midwest 3 rd group had gone to Russia and then on to US after 1917 Revolution After the 30s, many were Jewish refugees History of Central Europeans and Russians in the US - Immigration Patterns: Poles Have been in the US since 1608 Economic problems increased immigration from 1860 1914 Many became part of German or Czech communities Many came from German-ruled areas of Poland, Russia or Austria After WW1 came because of political instability History of Central Europeans and Russians in the US - Immigration Patterns: Others Austrians Economic opportunities Fled Hitler Hungarians After 1848 Males, well-educated, titled Later were poor, single men Coal miners in OH, WV, IL, IN Czechs Farmers or skilled Ag workers Settled near the Germans in NE, WI, TX, IA, MN Slovaks Young male Ag workers before WWII Industrial Northeast and Midwest Swiss Prior to WWI Artisans or professional Urban areas Gypsies or Roma Originate from numerous European countries Variety of different groups Speak different dialects
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1/27/2014 3 History of Central Europeans and Russians in the US - Immigration Patterns: Russia and the FSU Russian immigrants originally came to Alaska and the West Coast Fur trade Sheltered missionaries After sale of Alaska to the US in 1867, many returned home After that, immigration was to the East Coast Mainly impoverished peasants Jews fleeing persecution History of Central Europeans and Russians in the US - Immigration Patterns: Russia and the FSU FSU from Lithuania, Ukraine and Armenia Many came in 1861, others after WWII Many escaping religious or ethnic persecution Some for economic opportunity Settled in urban and industrial centers Current Demographics and Socioeconomic Status: Germans WI, MN, ND, SD, NE, IA is the German Belt in the US Slightly higher in economic achievement Generally conservative High degree of acculturation WWII anti-German sentiment caused rapid assimilation
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