cd29_art02.pdf - Caderno Lab Xeolxico de Laxe Corua 2004...

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Caderno Lab. Xeolóxico de Laxe Coruña. 2004. Vol. 29, pp. 31-52 Os ofiolitos variscos e o metamorfismo de alta pressão associado, no ramo sul da Cadeia Varisca Ibérica Variscan ophiolites and related high-pressure metamorphism in Southern Iberian Variscan foldbelt FONSECA, P. E. 1 ; MUNHÁ, J. M. 2 ; ARAÚJO, A. 3 e PEDRO, J. C. 3 Abstract The southern Iberia, Variscan ophiolites occur both as a thin belt along the boundary between the Ossa-Morena and South Portuguese Zones — Beja- Acebuches ophiolite — and as dismembered, scattered allochthonous klippen on top of lower Palaeozoic sequences within the internal areas of the Ossa- Morena Zone. The Beja-Acebuches ophiolite corresponds to a thin amphibolite-serpentinite belt displaying internal lithological organisation including, from bottom to top: metaperidotites (harzburgitic/dunitic) and cumulate pyroxenites, flaser gabbros with trondhjemitic intrusions, amphibolites (locally derived from a sheeted dike complex) and fine grain greenschists (locally preserving pillowed structures). Deformation structures result from three main deformation phases: D 1 (early Devonian) corresponds to high-temperature ophiolite obduction towards N-NE, D 2 (middle Devonian) is related to retrogression during transpressive sinistral shearing to WNW, and finally, D 3 is a more brittle event, and involved sinistral south-westwards thrusting reactivating D 2 structures. The ophiolite is bounded to the north by a thrust that brought Ossa-Morena Zone infra-crustal rocks over the ophiolitic sequence; towards the south the ophiolitic complex has been thrust over the South Portuguese Zone units and is unconformably overlained by a late Devonian flysch sequence. The Beja- Acebuches amphibolites were originally tholeiitic gabbros/dolerites/basalts
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CAD. LAB. XEOL. LAXE 29 (2004) Fonseca et al. 32 displaying considerable geochemical variations that range from MORB-type to those transitional to arc tholeiites, suggesting derivation from a back-arc basin oceanic crust. The internal ophiolitic klippen were emplaced contemporaneously with the obduction of the Beja-Acebuches ophiolite. They comprise small, dismembered tectonic slices that were imbricated within a high-pressure (eclogite/blueschist), early Palaeozoic passive continental margin sequence, and then thrust onto the Ossa-Morena Zone. The high-pressure metamorphism was polyphase; early (pre- to syn-D 1 ) eclogite recrystallization is interpreted as reflecting type-A subduction and initial D 1 -thrusting; late blueschist facies overprinting corresponds to tectonic imbrication related to the nappe emplacement. Ophiolite geochemistry display wide variations in incompatible element fractionation, ranging from N-MORB type LREE-depleted to LREE-enriched T/P-MORB; contrasting with similar lithologies from the Beja-Acebuches ophiolite, the orogenic (island arc-like) characteristics were not detected in these internal ophiolitic occurrences. The contrasting characteristics of the Ossa-Morena
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