01-Sociological Imag-weeks1-2 online.pptx

01-Sociological Imag-weeks1-2 online.pptx - Sociological...

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Sociological Imagination Principles in Sociology Dr. Karie Feldman Weeks 1-2
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Sociological Competence “Even if the world in which they live is degraded by poverty or violence, most people get by because they are endowed with sociological competence.”—Charles Lemert Ability to form relations with others Gives a framework to understand new situations
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What is Sociology? Going beyond ‘getting by’ in social situations “the activity by which persons of differing degrees of training and experience often learn eventually to create imaginative reconstructions of the larger forces that affect their lives.”
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Emile Durkheim Society is sui generis : an objective reality that is irreducible to the individuals that compose it. Society is not a mere sum of individuals. Rather, the system formed by their association represents a specific reality which has its own characteristics... The group thinks, feels, and acts quite differently from the way in which its members would were they isolated. If, then, we begin with the individual, we shall be able to understand nothing of what takes place in the group. ” [ From The Rules of Sociological Method, 1895]
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C. Wright Mills Our individual lives are strongly shaped by where When and to whom we were born Our opportunities and potentials are always influenced by the inequalities and injustices we encounter,
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Where history meets biography…. Would it be the same today as it was then? 1910 African American male in South 1940s child from a Detroit working-class family 1950s woman entering adulthood
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Sociological Imagination Challenges our basic impulses to see aspects of life as inevitable or natural Provides insight into stereotyping and active discrimination Facilitates more active and effective participation in the world around us
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Sociological Imagination Stereotypes are beliefs about members of a group that are usually false, or at least exaggerated, but are the basis of assumptions made about individual members of the group.
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