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AGE OF DISCOVERY OTTOMAN TURKS 1280-1919 Expanded within Turkey and replaced Seljuk Turks Converted to Islam Expanded into Balkans Established Ottoman Empire Took Constantinople 1453, renamed Istanbul Besieged Vienna twice 1529, 1688 High point under Suleiman the Magnificent 1520-1566 Based on military power, especially janissaries Very high culture Success brought corruption/ decadence; slow but steady decline after 1566 “Sick man of Europe” in 19 T century Rivalry between Russia and Austria for control of Balkans prolonged the life of the Ottoman Empire to 1919 Turkey is the remnant MILITARY REVOLUTION 1500-1900 Based on military technology of gunpowder Cannon and firearms change nature of warfare Cost of war increases due to: New weapons / new fortifications / professional armies War becomes more technical requiring systematic training of officers and men Increases centralization of government due to rising cost of war Facilitates western domination of the world MERCANTILISM 1500-1800 Zero sum game
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