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Presentation 4, Congress(1).pptx - American Government...

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American Government CONGRESS By Inna Adams Instructor of Political Science Savannah Technical College
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Video: The Big Picture http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss /SSA_SHARED_MEDIA_1/polisci/presid ency/OConnerEssentials_Ch06_Congre ss_Seg1_v2.html
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What role does the Constitution give to Congress? How is Congress organized?
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Video: The Basics http://media.pearsoncmg.com/ph/hss/SSA_SHARE D_MEDIA_1/polisci/presidency/Seg2_Congress_v 2.htm
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“The people’s branch” Members of Congress are the only ones to be directly elected by the people Each House member represents a geographically discrete district within state; each senator represents a single state Have closer link to the constituents they represent
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Congress INTENDED to be the STRONGEST branch: Important coercive powers (Article I): to tax to spend money to regulate commerce among the states and with foreign nations to regulate currency to raise armies and navies to declare war to make all laws which shall be necessary and proper ( necessary and proper clause=elastic clause )
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Bicameral Legislature House of Representatives (435) Representatives elected directly Two-year terms Meant to be the body closer to the people and their immediate policy preferences Senate (100) Senators elected by state legislature (since 1913 also directly by the people) Six-year terms (every 2 years 1/3 is re-elected) Meant to be more focuses on the long-term policies and to have more oversight power over the executive branch
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Eligibility and Apportionment Members of the Hous e Twenty-five years old and a citizen for at least seven years Senators Thirty years old and a citizen for at least nine years Census Conducted every ten years (change of population change of number of representatives in the House)
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