Sociology Lecture #8.docx - Sociology Lecture#8 Monday May...

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Sociology Lecture #8 Monday, May 29 th 2017 Race Does not exist as clear biological entities among humans o Hard to define how many races there are or could be o We know there are more racial differences amongst racial categories than between them o Science has show there is one human species (one race) that displays differences within its members Not necessarily biological and may be more socially constructed Terminology around race begins to exist 1600s Reflects beliefs about biological superiority and inferiority Large impact on the way people think about themselves and each other Socially Constructed Racialization – a social process in which human groups are viewed and judged as essentially different in terms of their: Intellect, Morality, Values and Innate worth Perceived difference, physical appearance, or cultural heritage Visible minority, we have a language for this because people are treated differently based on perceived difference but we also can use the language to remedy these problems Indigenous People in Canada Indigenous people living in Canada for 14000 years and became racialized in the 16 th century in the context of European colonialization Settlers and their descendants have lived in Canada for only 3.3% of its history, yet Indigenous history is largely ignored (we only learn about settler history) Indigenous people tend to be studied mainly by outsiders (changing and new found focus in academia) and predominantly from the perspective of social problems (past and present) Important to bring up the narrative of cooperation, resistance, and resilience that arise from the colonial discriminatory past Indian act: extremely discriminatory piece of legislature, how racism becomes institutionalized Very little about how those communities lived prior to colonialization Problems with “studying down” because it may perpetuate power imbalances Black History in Canada Communities existed in Nova Scotia since 1779, offers of freedom to black people if they were willing to fight for the British in American Revolution Became to grow and fluctuate in 1970s
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Despite their long history in Canada, black Canadians are frequently viewed and treated as newcomers or “the Other” Black people are overrepresented in the criminal justice system all over North America, process of various processes Problems surrounding the way blackness is constructed in Canada, harder to get bank loans and mortgages, lower salaries, so on and so forth Racism is a product of four linked elements: Racialization –construction of certain groups of people as different and biologically superior or inferior (put in a hierarchy and rationalized as natural) Prejudice – prejudgment of others on the basis of their group
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