Sociology Lecture#6.docx

Sociology Lecture#6.docx - Sociology Lecture#5 Wednesday...

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Sociology Lecture #5 Wednesday, May 24 th 2017 Deviance Deviance - A behaviour that strays from the norm or the usual Overt characteristics: explicitly violating norms Covert: People may be treated deviant based on their characteristics Treated differently if they’re perceived at deviant Deviance is a social or cultural construct Culture defines what is deviant and changes throughout time Definitions of deviance reflect power What is considered to be the norm or deviant is defined by powerful people Conflict deviance Conflict deviance: disagreement among groups over whether or not something is deviant Deviance difference across cultures Deviance is contested within cultures Deviance changes over time Ex: tattoos, sex work, marijuana Social Construction Social constructionism proposes that elements of social life, such as deviance, are not natural but are created by a society or culture We know this because it changes across cultures and times, no single standard Goes against essentialism (that things are the natural and are the way that they are) Research done to prove link between biology and crime Personalities reflect deviance; however, personalities are formed based on personal experience Some may see deviance as the result of unsuccessful socialization Goffman’s study on stigma and deviance o Stigma: human attribute that is seen to discredit and individual’s social identity o Bodily stigmata: visible through physical differences/deformities o Moral stigmata: blemishes of individual’s character o Tribal stigmata: transmitted through group association, covert Othering The way the dominant group describes another group as being different and in some way inferior People who belong to the other group often subject to negative sanctions
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Ethnocentrism: my culture is the norm everything else is deviant, colonialism: my culture is the norm and better so I am going to take over, stereotypes/prejudice also in this idea Once it is applied it can be very difficult to erase and label takes on a life of its own Moral panic: Campaign designed to arouse concern over an issue or group Behind moral panics you have moral entrepreneurs who are people
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