chapter1theories(2).ppt - The Family in Sociological Theory...

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1 © 2014 W. W. Norton & Co., Inc. The Family in Sociological Theory: Perspectives Broad Perspectives
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2 © 2014 W. W. Norton & Co., Inc. The Family in Sociological Theory: Consensus Broad Perspectives Consensus
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3 © 2014 W. W. Norton & Co., Inc. The Family in Sociological Theory: Consensus Perspective Broad Perspectives Consensus Consensus perspective: a perspective that projects an image of society as the collective expression of shared norms and values. An ancient view of society with roots in Greek philosophy. Order as the core of social life.
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4 © 2014 W. W. Norton & Co., Inc. The dominant sociological theory in the tradition of the consensus perspective. Durkheim as the founder of this theory. At its peak around the middle the 20 th century, i.e. the 1950s. Assuming there is a good reason for things to be the way they are. Its emphasis on stability rather than change Structural Functionalism
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5 © 2014 W. W. Norton & Co., Inc.
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6 © 2014 W. W. Norton & Co., Inc. Parsons argued that the American family in the 1950s was the natural, superior form. Parsons and Bales assumed that to make a family functional, one adult member should specialize in instrumental leadership and the other in expressive leadership . Structural Functionalism in the study of the family
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7 © 2014 W. W. Norton & Co., Inc. The Family in Sociological Theory: Conflict Broad Perspectives Consensus Conflict
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8 © 2014 W. W. Norton & Co., Inc. The Family in Sociological Theory: Conflict Perspective Broad Perspectives Consensus Conflict: a critical perspective Conflict perspective: the view that opposition and conflict define a given society and are necessary for social evolution
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9 © 2014 W. W. Norton & Co., Inc.
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10 © 2014 W. W. Norton & Co., Inc.
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