Sociology Lecture #12.docx - Sociology Lecture#12 Tuesday...

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Sociology Lecture #12 Tuesday, June 6 th 2017 Families Nuclear family : a parent or parents and children o Usually in done in juxtaposition to extended family o Implicit assumptions: heterosexual couple, well off, white, 2 children Extended family : includes parents, children, grandparents, aunts, uncles, and cousins Simple households : unrelated adults with or without children o Could be nuclear Complex households : two or more adults who are related but not married to each other and hence could reasonably be expected to live separately Support family and provide care roles of children and elder Important socializing agent May seen family as unequal and source of family violence Family Patterns The marriage rate is decreasing while the cohabitation rate is rising o Crude marriage rate (CMR): the number of marriages per 1,000 people in a population Statistics Canada stopped tracking marriages because of its now complexity and common law unions were on the rise o There are considerable provincial variations The age of first marriage is rising o In 1928, the average age of first marriage for 24.2 for brides and 27.6 for grooms o In 2008, the average age of first marriage for 29.1 for brides and 31.1 for grooms o Reasons for later marriage: education, individualization, looking for soul mate rather than compatibility, cohabitation is now acceptable, religious patterns There are more divorces overall, but the rate is falling o People don’t need to formally divorce if they aren’t technically married, changes to divorce act in 1976? to make it easier and they increased dramatically (doubled), 1985 changed again to introduce no fault act (tripled) It is difficult to analyze divorce statistics due to legislation changes Common-law couples not requiring formal divorces when their relationships end o Some people are divorced but don’t file the paperwork even if they are married More women are having children in their thirties In 1987, 4% of women aged 35 and over gave birth for the first time, but 12% in 2011 o Less teen pregnancies so not pulling the number down as much Fecundity: a woman’s ability to conceive
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o As women age their fertility declines
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