Sociology Lecture#4.docx - Sociology Lecture#4 Thursday May...

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Sociology Lecture #4 Thursday, May 18 th 2017 Assignment: pick a hobby and analyze it from a sociological perspective Presentations: analyzing a story from the media Socialization A lifelong learning process that involves development or changes in the individuals sense of self Manifest functions of sport: to get physical activity Latent functions: for many people it builds confidence, teaches rules, helps social interactions, structured, positive function in terms of socialization Social conflict perspective o Link between sports and inequalities, in terms of gender, social class o The way social inequality is sustained and reproduced through sports? o Who can and can’t access these spaces. Micro interactions o Sports as an ongoing not system o Shared symbols Primary socialization – the socialization that occurs during child hood o Extremely formative years Secondary socialization – the socialization that occurs later in life Social experience is the foundation of developing personalities and we build our personalities through interactions with others Personality: consistent ways of being, feeling, and acting To what degree do we have an influence on our lives/behaviour? o Some would argue mainly biological factors influence this o Some argue primarily social factors o Nature vs. Nurture debate Determinism Determinism refers to the degree to which a person’s behaviour, attitudes, and other personal characteristics are determined or caused by specific factors Biological determinism (nature) versus Social of cultural determinism (nurture) Not necessarily mutually exclusive Nature Biological determinism states that the greater part of who we are is determined by our roughly 26 000 genes
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o Ex: children of professional athletes often became athletes, genes? Or access to these spaces/socializations? Instincts determine personality and behaviour o No consideration that we depend on other people to some degree to determine our sense of self o Research on trying to find a gay gene, deviant behaviour gene Social isolation o Any experiment that involves isolation with humans is ethically wrong o
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