Sociology Lecture #15.docx - Sociology Lecture#15 Health...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Sociology Lecture #15 Health and Society Health and medicine seem to be rooted in biology but we realize there are social factors involved Patterns of well-being and illness are rooted in society Society shapes people’s health in four major ways: o Cultural patterns define health – usually what is seen as healthy reflects what is seen as morally good within any culture or society o Cultural standards of health change over time – in the past smoking was seen as trendy but not its viewed as unhealthy behaviours, homosexuality used to be in the book of diagnostics as a disease and has now been removed, sports seen as a healthy activity however we are now aware of risks in terms of concussion can reframe sports as unhealthy o A society’s technology affects people’s health – poor sanitation and malnutrition helps spread disease, technology which monitors this affects people’s health, many technologies advance and both hinder health, ex: industrialization increases pollution o Social inequality affects people’s health – rich have better physical and mental health and live longer, have more resources including access to medical help, doctors, gym memberships, healthy produce, etc. Medical Sociology Medical sociology is based on the view that medical practices and beliefs are intensely social Medical sociology draws on political sociology and critical sociology Political sociology: o Seeks to generate sociological data to develop health care policies o Seeks to improve delivery of health care from sociological informed research Critical Sociology is a critical examination of the practices of pharmaceutical companies, medical schools, and health care providers Healing is achieved through social factors o Race gender, ethnicity, class, affect an individual’s experience of medical professions o Can be in terms of accessing these professions for care and in terms of those providing those professions as well Talcott Parsons (structural functionalist) Book titled “The Social System”, the concept of the patient or sick role Being sick is a social role that role comes with a set of expectations o Regulates what a sick person can expect from society o Regulates what society should expect of the sick person
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
The Sick Role Four expectations of the sick (or patient) role o Should be exempted from normal social responsibilities o Should be taken care of instead of having to take care of themselves o Are socially obligated to try to get well o Are socially obligated to seek technically competent help Much like other structural functionalist theories there is a presumed social uniformity of experience, due to this expectation others have made additions and criticized Parsons expectation of the Sick Role Additions to the Sick Role E.L. Koos (1954) critiqued Parson’s view of the sick role The sick role is not the same for everybody o the higher one’s class the easier it was for them to play the sick role o
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern