Sociology Lecture#7.docx - Sociology Lecture#7 Thursday May...

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Sociology Lecture #7 Thursday, May 25 th 2017 Presentations: Organization Content and analysis Creativity and presentation style (I see this connecting to a to z but I’m going to focus on a) Audience interaction and discussion questions (ice breakers and sociological) Length of presentation 8-10 mins and 8-10 mins for discussion Social Inequality Social inequality - is the long-term existence of significant differences in access to goods and services among social groups o The axis of difference: ethnicity, race, gender, etc. o Social stratification: the way a system is ranked allegorically in hierarchy, how this hierarchy is produced and reproduced o Social conflict approach (Karl Marx) o Adam smith a leather fare economy: little government, impacts social stratification and inequality in our society o Audience: critical policy and public sociology Social inequality is a function of many factors, including ethnicity, “race,” gender Social stratification - a system by which a society ranks categories of people in a hierarchy Marx Class reflects one’s relation to the means of production, or the resources needed to produce goods Mean of production as being capital, advantage for those who own them, book capital Marx identified two main classes or camps o Bourgeoisie: collective of capitalists who own the means of production o Proletariat: class of workers who work for those who own the means of production Identified a more nuanced subclass of these, petty bourgeoisie (small time owners with little capital), lamped proletariat (criminals, unemployed, etc.) Writing at height of industrial revolution, each class has a sense of common purpose Consciousness Class consciousness - an awareness of what is in the best interests of one’s class Bourgeoisie had a good sense of class consciousness
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The workers had false consciousness - the belief that something is in one’s best interests when it is not The way individualism works in our society, I have a job and get paid so i don’t see injustice Eventually there would be so much tension between the two classes that a revolution would occur and we would move away from capitalism towards socialism and communism because of the social inequalities embedded in capitalism Not accurate: the capitalist class has grown in size, more people part of the bourgeoisie and have a stake in the system, blue collar work has declined and increased in prestige while white collar work has expanded, average income has risen, workers are better organized and can fight for rights and reform through unions, and the government has extended several legal protections for workers Revolution coming: wealth is still highly concentrated in our society, white collar jobs and routine, class conflict continues to be present between workers and management, laws still protect private property of the rich Just because this hasn’t happened yet does not invalidate his views as
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