Sociology Lecture #13.docx - Sociology Lecture#13 Wednesday...

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Sociology Lecture #13 Wednesday, June 7 th 2017 Religion Religion helps with the spiritual needs of humans (supposed to be universal) Related to things like gender roles, sexuality, family, socialization Sociology can analyze social processes related to religion Investigate why they take on certain forms and how they impact society Sociology never trying to assess the validity of practices, analyzing how these practices came to be Religion based in faith which in anchored in conviction rather than hard evidence Aristotle Gods which are worshipped reflect social structure Aristotle claimed that people created gods not only after their own image but also taking into consideration their manner of life o Associated religion with a whole way of life and will affect social processes By the late 19th century, social Darwinist (or evolutionary) approaches linked religion and society o Distinctions begin to be made between primitive and civilized societies o Primitive worship dark gods whereas civilized worship rulers o Hierarchy used to justify colonialization Religion and Class The Protestant work ethic , according to Max Weber, was a key factor in the rise of capitalism o Looked al Calvinists who believed in a second coming and predestination, achieved material success through hard work for salvation in the afterlife o These religious practices gave incentive to spur wealth and perpetuate capitalism Karl Marx theorized that religion serves as an instrument of hegemony o “religion is the opioid of the masses” o Religion facilitates false consciousness by promoting that class based hierarchies are part of god’s plan, therefore making it justified o If you’re being oppressed you won’t challenge it because you believe in it o Idea if you were an oppressed worker you would be rewarded in your next life
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