UTD Power Defined-2.pptx - DEFINING POWER Todays Questions...

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DEFINING POWER
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Today’s Questions 1. How do we define organizations? 2. What is the structure of the organization and how does it inform us about power? 3. How do we define power in organizations?
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How do we define organizations?
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Take a minute…. What is your definition of an organization? Write it down, or draw a picture….
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Organizations are… Organizations are assemblages of interacting human beings, and they are the largest assemblages in our society that have any resembling a central coordinative system…The high specificity of structure and coordination within organizations—as contrasted with the diffuse and variable relations among organizations and among unorganized individuals—marks off the individual organization as a sociological unit comparable in significance to the individual organism in biology” (March & Simon, 1958:4) 5
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Three Views of Organizations Rational Natural Open 6
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Views of Organizations.. Rational Systems: Characteristics: Goal specificity Formalization Organizations are collectivities oriented to pursuit of relatively specific goals and exhibiting highly formalized social structures. 7
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Views of Organizations.. Open Systems Organizations are systems of interdependent activities linking shifting coalitions of participants; the systems are embedded in – dependent on continuing exchanges with and constituted by- the environments in which they operate. 8
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Views of Organizations.. Natural Systems: Organizations are collectivities whose participants are pursuing multiple interests, both disparate and common, but recognize the value of perpetuating the organization as an important resource. The
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