Sociology Lecture #10.docx

Sociology Lecture #10.docx - Sociology Lecture#10 Wednesday...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Sociology Lecture #10 Wednesday, May 31 st 2017 Gender Studies explores the ways gender impacts not only our day-to-day lives but also social institutions Gender is a relatively new and contested area of study in sociology largely because of the nature vs. nurture debate. Is it determined by our culture or our biology? Complicated by problems with the binary of gender Much of the critical work on gender has been conducted by women Sex and Gender Sex: Anatomical or biological characteristics of women and men o Primary sex characteristics and Secondary sex characteristics o Primary: organs used for reproduction (mainly the genitals) o Secondary: bodily differences other than the genitals which identify an adult male or female Gender: Sociological term that refers to the roles and characteristics society assigns to women and men o Gender removed from biology Intersex: When one is born with both male and female sex characteristics o Very common and can occur at both the primary or secondary level and you may never know unless tests are done o Questions around Olympics Gender Roles Gender role: Set of attitudes and expectations concerning behaviour that relates to being female or male o Differ around cultures (and time) around the expectations that are held for any given gender o Sanctions for those who deviate from those expectations will also be different across cultures o Shows that these ideas are constructed because if it was innate gender would be displayed in the same way across cultures and time Cisgender: When one strongly identifies with the gender roles associated with one’s biological sex (gender assigned at birth) o Privileged position Transgender: When one’s gender identity and behaviour do not conform to the gender role associated with their biological sex o Many different forms transgender can take including not transitioning or not identifying with either binary Gender and Inequality Gender impacts the way we interact with each other and think about ourselves o 2 problems with its organization: hierarchy and binary
Image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Gender Stratification - the unequal distribution of wealth, power, and privilege between men and women o More differences amongst the category of women than there are between the categories of men and women o Margaret Reid: ethnographic research found that the way gender unfolded was dependent on how the tribe organized itself Patriarchy - a form of social organization in which males dominate females o Tends to be found to some degree all over the world and used as a justification for sexism o Harms both women, men, and society as a whole, in countries where women are given more power have generally done better o Patriarchal societies: waste talents of women, high standards of masculinity for men, higher suicide rates for men, pressure for
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern