History 100 lecture 1 pre-columbian america notes.docx

History 100 lecture 1 pre-columbian america notes.docx -...

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Lecture 1 Pre-Columbian America Over several thousands of years prior to the arrival of Europeans, Native Americans Developed complex societies. They developed sophisticated agricultural systems, Architecture, and political confederations. The great urban centers of Peru and Mesoamerica had no counterparts farther north. The peoples inhabiting North America in the millennium before Columbus never developed the levels of social stratification, urban dynamism, architectural grandeur, astronomical study, or intensive corn agriculture that characterized the Mayans, Incas, or Aztecs. Yet elements of all these traits appeared in North America, especially in the Southwest and the Mississippi valley, with the emergence of increasingly settled societies and widening circles of exchange. RECENT FINGINGS SHOW THAT THERE WAS LARGE CIVILIZATIONS DESPITE THE THOUGHT OF SMALL POPULATIONS. **50-70 million lived in the new world compared to 70-90 million in Europe ** Chaco canyon and Mesa Verde had three cultures- listed below
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