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Chapter 13 problems in adolescence and emerging adulthood.docx

Chapter 13 problems in adolescence and emerging adulthood.docx

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Chapter 13 problems in adolescence and emerging adulthood 1.Exploring adolescent and emerging adult problems the biopsychosocial approach Biological psychological and social factors have been proposed as causes of problems that adolescents, emerging adults, and others can develop The biopsychical approach- emphasizes that problems develop through an interaction of biological psychological and social factors. Biological factors o Early maturation is linked to a number of problems for adolescents girls including drug abuse, and delinquency Psychological factors o Proposed as important influences on adolescent and emerging adult problems are identity personality traits decision making, and self control Social factors o Many aspects of family processes can contribute to the development of problems in adolescence including a persistent high level of parent adolescent conflict inadequate parental monitoring of adolescents and insecure attachment The developmental psychopathology In the development psychopathology approach - approach that focuses on describing and exploring the developmental pathways of problems. the emphasis is on describing exploring developmental pathways of problems One way of classifying adolescent and emerging adult problems is as internalizing Example: depression and anxiety or externalizing Example: juvenile delinquency Developmental cascades - a developmental psychopathology approach that emphasizes connections across domains overtime to influence developmental pathways and outcomes Adolescent and emerging adult problems can be categorized as internalizing or externalizing: o internalizing problems - emotional conditions that develop when individuals turn problems inward. Examples include anxiety and depression o externalizing problems - behavior that occurs when individuals turn problems outward. An example is juvenile delinquency characteristics of adolescents and emerging adult problems the spectrum of adolescent and emerging adult problems is wide caring in severity developmental level, sex and socioeconomic status middle SES adolescents and females have more internalizing problems; low SES adolescents and males have more externalizing problems adolescents who have a number of external and internal assets have fewer problems and engage in fewer risk-taking behaviors than their counterparts with few external and internal assets former directors of the search institute has prescribed 40 developmental assets that adolescents need in order to achieve positive outcomes in their lives half of these assets are external and internal the 20 external assets include the following: o support (such as family and neighborhood) o empowerment
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o boundaries and expectations o constructive use of time the 20 internal assets include: o commitment to learn o positive values o social competencies o positive identity stress and coping stress-
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