CHILDHOOD DISORDERS.pptx - CHILDHOOD DISORDERS HIT AND RUN...

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CHILDHOOD DISORDERS HIT AND RUN
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STATISTICS 75% young adults with psychiatric D/O diagnosed between 11 and 18 years of age. 20% of children and adolescents suffer from a major mental illness.
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ETIOLOGY Biological—sensitive organism Genetics: inherited genes Neurobiological: Declining number (pruning)of synapses. Peak age 5 years. Myelination of CNS Changes in volume and activity level in pre- frontal, frontal and cerebellum maturation. Interaction of hormones.
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Psychological Factors Temperament: Style of behavior Incongruence between parent and child Predictor of future substance abuse/abuse for shyness, aggressiveness and rebelliousness. Protective Factors: self-control, parental monitoring, academic achievement, anti-drug use education, and strong community attachment.
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RESILENCE Inner strength vs environmental stress. Influenced by self-concept, future expectation, social competence, problem- solving skills, family, school, and community support. Characteristics: adaptability, ability to form relationships, avoid emotional chaos, social intelligence, problem-solving skills and perceive future.
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ACES Adverse Childhood Experiences: ABUSE: Physical, Emotional, and Sexual NEGLECT: Physical and Exmotional HOUSEHOLD DYSFUNCTION: Mental Illness, Mother treated violently, Divorce, Incarcerated Relative, Substance Abuse.
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