Ethics of enforcing Vaccines in the US.pptx

Ethics of enforcing Vaccines in the US.pptx - Ethics of...

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Unformatted text preview: Ethics of enforcing Vaccines in the US Koryta, Aimee D. Facts: Since the first smallpox vaccine was invented more than 200 years ago, there has been has been much controversy over the, ethics and success with immunizations. (Roth, G. A., & Fee, E. 2011). Diseases that were largely eradicated in the United States a generation ago—whooping cough, measles, mumps—are returning, in part because nervous parents are skipping their children's shots. ("Vaccines—Calling the Shots. Examine the science behind vaccinations, the return of preventable diseases, and the risks of opting out," 2015) IS IT A LAW In 2015 California joined other states in no longer allowing parents enrolling their children in schools and day cares to claim a religious or philosophical exemption. Following the adoption of the rule, the percentage of vaccinated kindergartners entering the state’s schools was the highest in a decade (Pearlstein 2016). In some wealthy communities in California, the rate of vaccination for kindergartners is only 50 percent (Yang et al. 2016). You have a 1 in 12,000 chance of getting hit by lightning, but only a 1 in 1,000,000 chance of having a reaction to a vaccine. . ("Vaccines—Calling the Shots. Examine the science behind vaccinations, the return of preventable diseases, and the risks of opting out," 2015) Is it ethically right to force children to be vaccinated? Each parent is worried about their children’s wellbeing. However, some are worried about the effects the vaccines will have on their children as others are concerned about the effects that the diseases will have on their children that they are not protected against due to medical conditions. Is it morally ok to send a child to school that you have chosen not to vaccinate, that may pass on a disease to a child that is unable to vaccinate? They are at risk for contracting the diseases but also have a high mortality rate when contracted. Is it ethically right to force children to be vaccinated? Parents who choose not to have their children vaccinated have an ethical responsibility to protect these immune compromised children safe by keeping their children out of schools. The courts force children of Jehovah Witness parents to receive blood transfusions to prevent further illness, how is forcing vaccinations any different? We as a society have become naïve and believe that many diseases just no longer exist, yet many have just almost disappeared due to vaccines. Google Degree We live in a highly educated and developed country. Our kids have access to more preventable medical care and medical care than most kids in this world. Yet we choose not to utilize this medical care that is at our fingertips. In a country that is so educated, when it comes to preventable medical care many are highly uneducated, why? In an age of social media, trends and medical advice on what to do and not to do can spread within an hour to millions. We take this as reliable information, why would the internet lie? Media Influence There has been no proven evidence that any child has become autistic from receiving a vaccine, yet it would be very hard to convince Jenny McCarthy otherwise. Unfortunately, celebrities have a major influence over people in this country. Many of the celebrities that influence not only us as adults but our children have no more than a middle school education. Protect Your Children However, because they are popular on TV and have money many look up to them for many things, including medical advice. Should we really base important medical decisions that we are making for our children off the opinion of a celebrity that has not done their research? Do Your Research I find it interesting that many parents choose not to vaccinate their children based on irrelevant knowledge put out there by celebrities. But there has been proven “damming evidence that McDonald’s is bad for your health and can cause long term health effects.” (French, S. A., Story, M., NeumarkSztainer, D., Fulkerson, J. A., & Hannan, P. 2001). You can drive by a fast food restaurant any time of day and find a line in the drive-thru Who Should You believe? If celebrities wrote books and organized marches saying that McDonald’s was the healthiest food you could feed your children even though evidence has proved this wrong, how many parents would then feed their children chicken nuggets for every meal? parents who choose not to immunize their children should at least be required to do some educated research and attend an evidenced based class on vaccines before they choose to make a huge health decision for the children without the proper knowledge to do so. Who Should You believe? “I don’t understand why when a celebrity says something about which they have no training, that is reported more than someone who has done rigorous scientific training,” says Freed. “Celebrities are juxtaposed to medical experts as credible sources of information by the media. As long as that continues to occur, the public will continue to assume they are as credible as credible sources really are.” (Freed MD FAAP, 2011). Mandated Vaccines Are Ethical Mandatory vaccination initiatives are public heath measures that override rights of respect for personal autonomy for the sake of containing and preventing infection and disease. (Bishop, 2014) Vaccines Protect Vaccinations prevent dangerous diseases effectively Compared to the chance of receiving the actual disease, chance of adverse effects are minuscule Ethical Theory John Stuart Mill states that “What causes the greatest good for society is morally right”. (Mill & Plamenatz, 1949). Using his theory of ethics, mandated vaccinations are morally right. Vaccines create heard immunity, that prevent those that are unable to receive the vaccines remain “immune” from the disease because everyone around them are immune. Conclusion: Ultimately each parent will choose to make medical decisions for their children. There are going to be different beliefs about modern medicine throughout the world. We all just need to take responsibility for making the right educated decision in what Is not only right for our children, but for society as a whole. References: Pearlstein, J. 2016. California’s pro-vaccination law may be working. Wired (January 21). Available online at . Vaccines—Calling the Shots. Examine the science behind vaccinations, the return of preventable diseases, and the risks of opting out [Television series episode]. (2015, August 26). In S. Pemberton (Producer), Nova. Chevy Chase, MD: PBS. Bishop, L. S. (2014, February 24). Public Health and Respect for Personal Autonomy | Ethical Issues in Health Care. Retrieved from Shifting Vaccination Politics — The End of Personal-Belief Exemptions in California Mello, M. M., Studdert, D. M., & Parmet, W. E. (2015). Shifting Vaccination Politics — The End of Personal-Belief Exemptions in California. New England Journal of Medicine, 373(9), 785-787. doi:10.1056/nejmp1508701 Freed, MD, FAAP, G., & Rochman, B. (2011, April 26). Jenny McCarthy, Vaccine Expert? A Quarter of Parents Trust Celebrities | TIME.com. Retrieved from Roth, G. A., & Fee, E. (2011). Smallpox: The First Vaccine. American Journal Of Public Health, 101(7), 1217. French, S. A., Story, M., Neumark-Sztainer, D., Fulkerson, J. A., & Hannan, P. (2001). Fast food restaurant use among adolescents: associations with nutrient intake, food choices and behavioral and psychosocial variables. International Journal of Obesity & Related Metabolic Disorders, 25(12). Mill, J. S., & Plamenatz, J. P. (1949). Mill's Utilitarianism. Oxford, England: B. Blackwell. ...
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