Chapter 9 Peers.docx - Chapter 9 Peers Romantic...

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Chapter 9 Peers, Romantic Relationships, and Lifestyles 1.Exploring peer relations and friendship Peer relations Peers are individuals who are about the same age or maturity level. Peers provide a means of social comparison and source of information beyond family Contexts and individual difference factors influences peer relations Good peer relations may be necessary for normal social development The inability to “plug in” to a social network is associated with a number of problems o Like delinquency, drinking, depression and academic difficulties Peers relations can be negative or positive Sullivan stressed that peer relations provide the context for learning the symmetrical reciprocity mode of relationships Healthy family relations usually promote healthy peer relations The pressure to conform to peers is strong during adolescence especially around the eighth and ninth grades Five types of peer statuses o Popular children are frequently nominated as a best friend and are rarely disliked by their peers o Average children receive an average number of both positive and negative nominations from their peers o Controversial children are frequently nominated both as best friend and as being disliked by peers o Neglected children are infrequently nominated as a best friend but are not disliked by their peers o Rejected children are infrequently nominated as a best friend are disliked by their peers Social knowledge and social information-processing skills are associated with improved peer relations Self-regulation of emotion is associated with peer-relations Conglomerate strategies, also referred to as coaching, involved the use of a combination of techniques rather than single strategy, to improve adolescents’ social skills o Example as problem situation arose, teachers modeled and students practiced six sequential steps o 1. Stop calm down and think before you act o 2.go over the problem and state how you feel o 3. Set a positive goal o 4. Think lots of the solutions o 5. Plan ahead for the consequences o 6. Go ahead and try the best plan Friendship friends are a subset of peers who engage in mutual companionship, support, and intimacy
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the functions that adolescents’ serve can be categorized in 6 ways: o companionship - provides adolescents with a familiar partner someone who is willing to spend time with them o stimulation - provides adolescents with interesting information, excitement, and amusement o physical support- provides resources and assistance o ego support - provides the expectations of support encouragement and feedback that helps them to maintain an impression of themselves as competent attractive and worthwhile individuals o social comparison - provides information about where adolescents stand vis-à-vis other and whether adolescents are doing okay o intimacy/affection - provides adolescents with a warm close, trusting relationship
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  • Fall '08
  • ROBERTLEY

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